1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Melocanna Trin.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Indian Subcontinent to Indo-China.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes elongated; pachymorph. Culms erect; 240-922.5-2000 cm long; woody. Culm-internodes terete. Culm-nodes flush with internodes (1/1). Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement several (1), or many (1); with subequal branches (1/1). Culm-sheaths persistent (1), or deciduous (1); without auricles. Culm-sheath blade linear. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins (1), or with distinct cross veins (1).
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous (1/1); clustered at the nodes (1/1); in oblong clusters (1/1); with spathaceous subtending bracts (1/1); with axillary buds at base of spikelet (1/1); leafless between clusters (1/1). Fertile spikelets sessile (1/1).
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 5-6 fertile florets (1/1); with a barren rhachilla extension (1/1). Spikelets lanceolate (1/1); laterally compressed (1/1); 12.45-15.22-18 mm long; breaking up at maturity (1/1); disarticulating below each fertile floret (1/1).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 5-6 fertile florets (1/1); with a barren rhachilla extension (1/1). Spikelets lanceolate (1/1); laterally compressed (1/1); 12.45-15.22-18 mm long; breaking up at maturity (1/1); disarticulating below each fertile floret (1/1).
    Glume
    Glumes persistent (1/1); shorter than spikelet (1/1). Upper glume lanceolate (1/1).
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate (1/1); chartaceous (1/1); without keel (1/1); 5-9 -veined (1/1). Lemma apex rostrate (1/1); mucronate (1/1). Palea without keels (1/1).
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2 (1/1); ciliate (1/1). Anthers 5-7 (1/1). Stigmas 2-4 (1/1). Ovary with a steeple-like appendage (1/1); glabrous (1/1).
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with fleshy pericarp (1/1); ovoid (1/1); isodiametric (1/1).
    Distribution
    Temperate Asia (1), or Tropical Asia.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand

    Introduced into:

    Brazil Southeast, China Southeast, Colombia, Ecuador, Jamaica, Taiwan

    Melocanna Trin. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Neue Entdeck. Pflanzenk. 2: 43 (1820)

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0