1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Molinia Schrank

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Europe to Caucasus, Medit. to Ethiopia.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes absent (1), or short (1). Culms erect; 15-71.25-120 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open, or contracted (1). Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets (1), or 2-4 fertile florets, or 5-6 fertile florets (1); with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate, or elliptic (1), or oblong (1); laterally compressed; 4-9-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus glabrous (1), or bearded (1); truncate (1), or obtuse (1).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets (1), or 2-4 fertile florets, or 5-6 fertile florets (1); with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate, or elliptic (1), or oblong (1); laterally compressed; 4-9-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus glabrous (1), or bearded (1); truncate (1), or obtuse (1).
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate (1), or ovate; 0.6-0.8375-1 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels (1), or 1-keeled (1); 0-1 -veined (1), or 3 -veined (1). Lower glume lateral veins absent (1), or distinct (1). Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate (1), or ovate; 0.66-0.6825-0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels (1), or 1-keeled (1); 1-2 -veined (1), or 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate (1), or ovate; lanceolate in profile (1/1), or oblong in profile (1/1); membranous; without keel; 3 -veined, or 4-5 -veined (1). Lemma apex obtuse (1), or acute. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels smooth (1), or scaberulous (1). Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; fleshy. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with tardily free pericarp (1/1); obovoid (1/1). Embryo 0.33 length of caryopsis. Hilum linear (1/1); 1 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Europe (1), or Africa (1), or Temperate Asia, or North America (1).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Central European Rus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Lebanon-Syria, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Connecticut, Maine, Masachusettes, New Jersey, New York, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Québec, Rhode I., Vermont, Wisconsin

    Molinia Schrank appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Baier. Fl. 1: 100, 334 (1789)

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0