1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Monachather Steud.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Australia.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect; 30-70 cm long. Ligule a ciliolate membrane.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 5-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 8-17 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus bearded.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 5-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 8-17 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus bearded.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume ovate; 1 length of upper glume; chartaceous; without keels; 11-13 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1.1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; without keels; 11-13 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; coriaceous; without keel; 9 -veined. Lemma surface pilose; with a transverse fringe of hair. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; incised 0.66 of lemma length; attenuate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus. Palea 0.33 length of lemma; coriaceous; 0 -veined; without keels. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum linear; 0.25 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Australasia.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia

    Monachather Steud. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 247 (1854)

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0