1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Neohouzeaua A.Camus

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is E. Himalaya to Indo-China.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect (3/7), or arching (2/7), or leaning (1/7), or scandent (3/7); 300-983-2000 cm long; woody; eventually collapsing and rooting from upper nodes (1/1). Culm-internodes terete. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement one (1/4), or several (1/4), or many (2/4); with subequal branches (2/3), or 1 branch dominant (1/3). Culm-sheaths persistent (1/5), or deciduous but leaving a persistent girdle (1/5), or deciduous (3/5); auriculate (5/5). Culm-sheath blade linear (1/6), or lanceolate (5/6), or narrowly ovate (2/6), or ovate (1/6). Leaf-sheath auricles absent (4), or falcate (4). Ligule an eciliate membrane (7), or a ciliolate membrane (1). Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate (5), or oblong (5), or ovate (1); herbaceous (6), or chartaceous (2). Leaf-blade venation without cross veins (7), or with obscure cross veins (1).
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous (6/6); clustered at the nodes (6/6); in globose clusters (1/6), or stellate clusters (2/6), or untidy tufts (3/6); with glumaceous subtending bracts (4/6), or spathaceous subtending bracts (2/6); with axillary buds at base of spikelet (6/6); leafless between clusters (6/6). Fertile spikelets sessile (6/6).
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets (6/6); without rhachilla extension (6/6), or with a barren rhachilla extension (1/6). Spikelets linear (6/6), or oblong (1/6); laterally compressed (3/6), or subterete (3/6); 12-21.16-30 mm long; breaking up at maturity (6/6); disarticulating below each fertile floret (6/6). Rhachilla internodes brief up to lowest fertile floret (3/6), or elongated below proximal fertile floret (3/6).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets (6/6); without rhachilla extension (6/6), or with a barren rhachilla extension (1/6). Spikelets linear (6/6), or oblong (1/6); laterally compressed (3/6), or subterete (3/6); 12-21.16-30 mm long; breaking up at maturity (6/6); disarticulating below each fertile floret (6/6). Rhachilla internodes brief up to lowest fertile floret (3/6), or elongated below proximal fertile floret (3/6).
    Glume
    Glumes two (1/6), or several (5/6); persistent (4/4); shorter than spikelet (4/4). Lower glume ovate (1/1); chartaceous (1/1). Lower glume apex acute (1/1); mucronate (1/1). Upper glume lanceolate (3/4), or ovate (4/4); chartaceous (4/4); without keels (4/4). Upper glume apex acute (2/2); muticous (1/4), or mucronate (3/4).
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate (3/6), or elliptic (1/6), or oblong (2/6), or ovate (3/6); chartaceous (6/6); without keel (6/6); 13 -veined (1/2), or 21 -veined (1/2). Lemma midvein eciliate (5/6), or ciliolate (1/6). Lemma lateral veins obscure (1/1). Lemma surface glabrous (2/6), or puberulous (1/6), or pubescent (3/6), or hirsute (1/6). Lemma margins flat (3/6), or convolute (3/6); eciliate (5/6), or ciliolate (1/6), or pubescent (1/6). Lemma apex acute (4/6), or acuminate (1/6), or setaceously attenuate (1/6); muticous (2/6), or mucronate (2/6), or awned (3/6); 1 -awned (3/3). Palea not rolled (3/6), or tightly convolute around flower (3/6); chartaceous (6/6); 12 -veined (1/2), or 22 -veined (1/2); without keels (6/6). Palea surface glabrous (4/6), or pubescent (2/6). Palea apex awned (6/6).
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent (6/6), or 2 (1/6). Anthers 6 (6/6). Stigmas 3 (6/6). Ovary with a steeple-like appendage (6/6).
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free brittle pericarp (6/6); obovoid (1/1).
    Distribution
    Temperate Asia (2), or Tropical Asia (6).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand

    Neohouzeaua A.Camus appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dransfield, S. [SD1195], Thailand K000743035
    Dransfield, S. [SD1434], Thailand K000743039

    First published in Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 28: 100 (1922)

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0