1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Neurachne R.Br.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Australia.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes absent (1), or short (6). Culms erect, or geniculately ascending (1), or decumbent (2); 13-33.07-75 cm long; rooting from lower nodes (1/1). Lateral branches ample (1/1). Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades aciculate (1), or filiform (3), or linear (4), or triangular (1); stiff. Leaf-blade midrib indistinct (6/6).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong (6/6); tip discoid (6/6).
    Sterile
    Basal sterile spikelets absent, or well-developed (1).
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (6), or elliptic (1), or ovate (2); dorsally compressed; 4.98-8.29-12 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus pilose (1), or bearded (6); base obtuse (6/6); attached transversely (3/5), or attached obliquely (2/5). Basal sterile spikelets absent, or well-developed (1).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (6), or elliptic (1), or ovate (2); dorsally compressed; 4.98-8.29-12 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus pilose (1), or bearded (6); base obtuse (6/6); attached transversely (3/5), or attached obliquely (2/5).
    Glume
    Glumes exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate (6), or ovate (1); chartaceous (4), or cartilaginous (4); without keels; 3 -veined (2), or 4 -veined (1), or 5 -veined (6), or 6-7 -veined (1). Lower glume lateral veins ribbed. Lower glume surface convex (6), or flat (1), or concave (1); smooth (6), or scabrous (1); glabrous (2), or puberulous (1), or pilose (3), or setose (3). Lower glume apex truncate (1), or acuminate (6); muticous (5), or mucronate (2), or awned (2). Upper glume lanceolate (5), or elliptic (2); chartaceous (3), or cartilaginous (5), or coriaceous (1); with undifferentiated margins (1), or membranous margins (6); 5-6 -veined (1), or 7 -veined (4), or 9 -veined (2), or 10 -veined (1), or 11 -veined (2), or 12-13 -veined (1). Upper glume lateral veins ribbed. Upper glume surface glabrous (1), or puberulous (1), or pubescent (1), or pilose (2), or setose (4); without hair tufts (6), or with marginal tufts of hair (1). Upper glume apex acuminate; muticous (4), or mucronate (1), or awned (3); 1 -awned (3/3).
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male (1), or barren (6); with palea (1), or without significant palea (6). Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate (4), or elliptic (5), or oblong (1); membranous (3), or chartaceous (4); 3 -veined (1), or 6 -veined (1), or 7 -veined (6); truncate (2), or acute (5). Palea of lower sterile floret membranous (1/1). Fertile lemma lanceolate (4), or elliptic (3), or ovate (1); hyaline (6), or membranous (1); without keel; 3 -veined (2/3), or 5 -veined (1/3). Lemma surface glabrous, or puberulous (1). Lemma margins eciliate (6), or pubescent (1). Lemma apex truncate (1), or obtuse (1), or acute (6). Palea 1.1 length of lemma; hyaline; 2 -veined (2/2); without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2 (1/1); fleshy (1/1). Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    Australasia.
    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Stolons present. Culms erect; 30-45 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels cuneate; tip oblique.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 7.4-12 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus bearded.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 7.4-12 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus bearded.
    Glume
    Glumes exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins ribbed. Lower glume apex acuminate; awned. Upper glume ovate; coriaceous; without keels; 11-13 -veined. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; coriaceous; 7 -veined; ribbed; acute. Fertile lemma ovate; cartilaginous; much thinner above; without keel; 5-7 -veined. Lemma apex rostrate. Palea 1 length of lemma; cartilaginous; 2 -veined.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; fleshy. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; obovoid; dorsally compressed. Embryo 0.5 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    Australasia.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia

    Neurachne R.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland.: 196 (1810)

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0