1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Neyraudia Hook.f.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Malawi, Madagascar, Indian Subcontinent to China and Malesia.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Tall reed-like perennials
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades broad and flat or rolled, firm, at length deciduous from the sheath
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a large plumose panicle
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2–7-flowered, the florets well exserted from the glumes; florets all hermaphrodite with the upper reduced, or sometimes the lowermost sterile and lacking a palea Glumes lanceolate, unequal, 1–3-nerved, acuminate or drawn out into a short awn-point; lemmas longer than the glumes, rounded on the back, scarious-membranous, 3-nerved, the lateral nerves long-ciliate with spreading hairs as long as the lemma, usually shortly bilobed and awned from between the lobes; awn often recurved, not twisted; palea almost as long as the lemma; callus obtuse.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Habit
    Inflorescence a large plumose panicle.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2–7-flowered, the florets well exserted from the glumes, disarticulating above the glumes and between the florets, all florets bisexual or the lowermost sterile and lacking a palea; glumes membranous, lanceolate, unequal, 1–3-nerved, acuminate or drawn out into a short awn-point; lemmas keeled, scarious-membranous, 3-nerved, long-ciliate on the lateral nerves, usually shortly 2-toothed at the apex and with a recurved awn from the sinus.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis linear, subterete.
    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes absent (1), or short (3). Culms erect; robust (1/1); 100-231.2-400 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades persistent (1), or deciduous at the ligule (3); herbaceous (3), or coriaceous (1).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open. Spikelets appressed (1/1); solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets (1/1); 3 fertile florets (2), or 4-6 fertile florets (3), or 7 fertile florets (2), or 8 fertile florets (1); with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6-7.5-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent (2), or pilose (2).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets (1/1); 3 fertile florets (2), or 4-6 fertile florets (3), or 7 fertile florets (2), or 8 fertile florets (1); with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6-7.5-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent (2), or pilose (2).
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.75-0.8375-1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined (3), or 3 -veined (1). Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute (1), or acuminate (3). Upper glume lanceolate; 0.6-0.775-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined (2), or 3 -veined (2). Upper glume apex acute (1), or acuminate (3).
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren (1/1); without significant palea (1/1). Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate (1/1); membranous (1/1); 3 -veined (1/1). Fertile lemma lanceolate; membranous (3), or scarious (1), or cartilaginous (1); without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; incised 0.1-0.15-0.2 of lemma length; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; straight (1), or curved (3). Palea 0.5-0.6833-0.75 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels smooth (2), or scaberulous (2). Palea surface glabrous (3), or pubescent (1). Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; fleshy. Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; linear (2/3), or oblong (1/3); isodiametric (3/3); biconvex (2/2). Embryo 0.4 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    Africa (1), or Temperate Asia (3), or Tropical Asia (3), or North America (1).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Is., Pakistan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Bahamas, Florida, Mexico Gulf

    Neyraudia Hook.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Fl. Brit. India 7: 305 (1896)

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Fl. Brit. India 7: 305 (1896).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Conert in E.J. 78: 233 (1959)
    • Fl. Brit. Ind. 7: 305 (1896)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0