1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Paratheria Griseb.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa to Namibia, Madagascar, Tropical America.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Culms prostrate; 15-37.5-60 cm long. Ligule a ciliolate membrane.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Racemes borne along a central axis; in a multilateral false spike; appressed; bearing 1 spikelet. Rhachis deciduous from axis; terminating in a barren extension; extension bristle-like. Spikelet packing abaxial. Raceme-bases linear. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 8-18.75-27 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 8-18.75-27 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Glume
    Glumes shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 1 length of upper glume; hyaline; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse (1), or acute (1). Upper glume ovate; 0.1-0.15-0.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; hyaline; without keels; 0 -veined. Upper glume apex obtuse (1), or acute (1).
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; 1 length of fertile lemma; membranous; 7-11 -veined; acuminate. Fertile lemma lanceolate; cartilaginous; much thinner on margins; 7 -veined. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea cartilaginous.
    Cleistogene
    Cleistogenes present; in upper sheaths.
    Distribution
    Africa, or South America (1).
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Inflorescence loosely spiciform, bearing deciduous racemelets appressed to the axis, each racemelet composed of a single spikelet supported on a pungent stipe and subtended by a stout bristle.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets lanceolate.
    Glume
    Glumes tiny.
    Lemma
    Inferior lemma as long as spikelet. Superior lemma cartilaginous with flat thin margins.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Southeast, Burkina, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gabon, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Ivory Coast, Madagascar, Mali, Namibia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Venezuela, Zambia, Zaïre

    Paratheria Griseb. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Cat. Pl. Cub.: 236 (1866)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 9: 1084 (1934).
    • Cat. Pl. Cuba. 236 (1866)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Cat. Pl. Cub.: 236 (1866).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0