1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Pharus P.Browne

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect (4/6), or decumbent (2/6), or rambling (1/6); 30-74.28-100 cm long; rooting from lower nodes (2/2). Lateral branches lacking (6/6). Ligule an eciliate membrane (4), or a ciliolate membrane (2), or a ciliate membrane (1). Leaf-blade base with a false petiole. Leaf-blades elliptic (6), or oblong (1). Leaf-blade venation slanting obliquely from midrib; with distinct cross veins.
    Inflorescences
    Monoecious; with male and female spikelets in the same inflorescence. Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open. Panicle axis bearing deciduous branches. Sexes mixed. Spikelets appressed (6), or ascending (1), or spreading (1); in pairs, or in threes (1). Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster, or 2 in the cluster (1). Male spikelets pedicelled; 1 in a cluster. Pedicels filiform.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear (5), or elliptic (2); subterete; 8-13.57-23 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Male spikelets similar to female but less developed; lanceolate (6), or ovate (1). Male spikelet glumes 2; muticous (1/1). Male spikelet lemma muticous (1/1).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear (5), or elliptic (2); subterete; 8-13.57-23 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume linear (1), or lanceolate (4), or elliptic (1), or ovate (1); 0.8-0.85-0.9 length of upper glume; scarious; without keels; 3 -veined (1), or 5 -veined (3), or 6 -veined (2), or 7 -veined (4), or 8-9 -veined (1). Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate (5), or elliptic (1), or ovate (1); 0.25-0.5914-0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; scarious; without keels; 5 -veined (4), or 6 -veined (1), or 7 -veined (4). Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma linear (5), or elliptic (2); subterete; cartilaginous (1), or coriaceous (6); without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure. Lemma surface pubescent; with hooked hairs. Lemma margins involute; interlocking with palea keels. Lemma apex acute; without appendage (1), or with a conical beak (6). Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 6. Stigmas 3; plumose (1), or pubescent (6).
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; linear (1), or oblong (6); isodiametric (1/1).
    Male
    Male spikelets similar to female but less developed; lanceolate (6), or ovate (1). Male spikelet glumes 2; muticous (1/1). Male spikelet lemma muticous (1/1).
    Distribution
    North America (4), or South America.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Central American Pac, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Southwest Caribbean, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

    Pharus P.Browne appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Civ. Nat. Hist. Jamaica: 344 (1756)

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0