1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Carduus L.
      1. Carduus afromontanus R.E.Fr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to Uganda.

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Herb 0.6–1.2(–2.4?) m high, erect, branching; stems hollow, ribbed, glandular-setose and araneose but glabrescent, with sinuate spiny wings from the leaf bases.
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile, spiny, pinnatisect, the basal ones largest, obovate to oblanceolate in outline, 3–50 cm long, 1–17 cm wide, attenuate into a petioloid base in the basal leaves, basally decurrent and ± semi-amplexicaul in the distal leaves, with 2–6 pairs of triangulate-lobulate lobes, with spines terminating the lobes and lobules and shorter marginal spines in between, scattered-setose above, setose beneath on midrib and veins and thinly araneose over the blade.
    Capitulum
    Capitula subsessile, 3–8 together in subglobose terminal clusters; involucre 12–19 mm long; phyllaries many, imbricate in several series, lanceolate, 5–18 mm long, spiny-pungent, margins minutely to distinctly fimbriate or serrulate, arachnoid but rapidly glabrescent, the innermost longest; receptacle with setae ± 7 mm long.
    Florets
    Florets 29–52 per capitulum; corolla white or mauve to lilac-pink, tube 9.5–11 mm long, lobes 3.5–5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Achenes broadly fusiform, 3.5–4 mm long, somewhat compressed, slightly curved, angled; pappus of many bristles 10–14 mm long, the longest expanded distally.
    Habitat
    Bamboo zone on path-sides, Hagenia-Hypericum zone in moist sites; 2550–3400 m
    Distribution
    K3 K4 U3

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Uganda

    Carduus afromontanus R.E.Fr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Fries, R.E. [694a], Kenya K000311641 isotype

    First published in Acta Horti Berg. 8: 21 (1925)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 227 (1994).
    • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bulletin 22: 125 (1968).
    • Kazmi in Mitt. Bot. Staats. München 5: 151 (1963).
    • R.E. Fr. in Acta Horti Berg. 8: 21 (1923).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0