1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Puelia Franch.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Tanzania.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; 20-60-100 cm long. Lateral branches lacking. Ligule an eciliate membrane (2), or a ciliolate membrane (1), or a ciliate membrane (1), or absent (1). Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate (1), or elliptic (4). Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence on the same culm as leaves (4), or on a separate leafless culm (1). Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open (2), or contracted (3), or capitate (1). Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile (2), or pedicelled (3). Pedicels filiform (1/1).
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3 basal sterile florets (2), or 4-5 basal sterile florets (3), or 6 basal sterile florets (2); 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 8-13.1-19 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus subtended by a fleshy frill.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3 basal sterile florets (2), or 4-5 basal sterile florets (3), or 6 basal sterile florets (2); 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 8-13.1-19 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus subtended by a fleshy frill.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma (4), or firmer than fertile lemma (1). Lower glume ovate (4), or cuneate (1); 0.3-0.6-0.9 length of upper glume; chartaceous (1), or herbaceous (4); without keels (4), or 1-keeled (1); 1 -veined (1), or 3 -veined (1), or 5 -veined (2), or 9-11 -veined (1). Lower glume lateral veins absent (1), or distinct (4). Lower glume apex acute (2/2). Upper glume ovate; 0.25-0.42-0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous (1), or herbaceous (3), or coriaceous (1); without keels (4), or 1-keeled (1); 5 -veined (1), or 7 -veined (2), or 9 -veined (2), or 10-11 -veined (1). Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; chartaceous (1), or herbaceous (3), or coriaceous (1); 9 -veined (1), or 11 -veined (4), or 12-15 -veined (1); without ribs (4), or ribbed (1); obtuse (3), or acute (3). Palea of lower sterile floret wingless (4), or winged on keels (1). Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma lanceolate (1), or elliptic (3), or ovate (1); coriaceous; without keel; 9 -veined (2), or 11 -veined (3). Lemma surface glabrous (3), or pubescent (2). Lemma margins eciliate (3), or ciliolate (2). Lemma apex truncate. Palea 1 length of lemma; coriaceous; 8 -veined (2/2); without keels. Palea surface glabrous (3), or pubescent (2).
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3; membranous; glabrous (3), or ciliate (2). Anthers 6. Stigmas 3; papillose. Ovary umbonate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Perennial herbs
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades not disarticulating from the sheath
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle, usually ± contracted, terminating the leafy culm or rarely borne upon a separate leafless culm
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 4–6-flowered, the lower ♂, the uppermost ♀, laterally compressed; rhachilla disarticulating below each floret, reduced to a rounded callus below the ♂ florets, the uppermost internode ± 1 mm. long and bearing a fleshy outgrowth embracing the base of the ♀ floret; glumes 2, persistent, several-nerved; lemmas exceeding the glumes, 9–11-nerved, rounded on the back, the ♂ herbaceous to firmly coriaceous and usually glabrous, the ♀ softly leathery, pallid and pubescent; lodicules 3; anthers 6, filaments united; stigmas 3, borne upon a single style.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Is., Liberia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Zaïre

    Puelia Franch. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 674 (1887)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Clayton in Hook., Ic. Pl. 37: t. 3642 (1967).
    • in Bull. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 674 (1887)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Clayton in Hook., Ic. Pl. 37, t. 3642 (1967)
    • in Bull. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 674 (1887)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0