1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Carduus L.
      1. Carduus leptacanthus Fresen.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to E. Central & E. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Perennial herb 0.3–3 m high, erect, single-stemmed; stems with interrupted spiny wings, sparsely setose.
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile, pinnately lobed with 5–13 lobes, spiny, ovate to elliptic, the distal ones smallest and lanceolate, 3–38 cm long, 1–22 cm wide, with spines 2–6 mm long terminating the lobes and their lobules, with few short weak marginal spines in between, scattered setose above and setose on the veins beneath or rarely araneose beneath, ± glabrescent.
    Capitulum
    Capitula homogamous, in dense terminal globose clusters; involucre campanulate-turbinate, 19–28 mm long, arachnoid; phyllaries many (60–71), multiseriate, the outermost half reflexed, ovate or lanceolate, 4–21 mm long, margins with a few minute teeth or cilia, apex spinescent, glabrescent; receptacle with setae 2–3 mm long.
    Florets
    Florets 23–36 per capitulum; corolla purple, tube 11–17 mm long, lobes 3.5–4.5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Achenes slightly curved, compressed to somewhat inflated, 4–4.5 mm long, glabrous; pappus of setae 10–22 mm long.
    Habitat
    Damp places in grassland and wooded grassland, forest glades and margins; 1550–2450 m
    Distribution
    K3 T4 T7 U2

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

    Carduus leptacanthus Fresen. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 9, 1993 Stolz, A. [1562], Tanzania K000418453 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1923 Schimper [910], Ethiopia K000418458
    Jan 1, 1923 Schimper [1440], Ethiopia K000418459
    Schimper [910], Ethiopia K000418457

    First published in Mus. Senckenberg. iii. (1845) 70.

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Lisowski, Aster. Fl. Afr. Centr.: 588 (1991).
    • Maquet in Fl. Rwanda 3: 676 (1985).
    • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bulletin 22: 125 (1968).
    • Kazmi in Mitt. Bot. Staats. München 5: 160 (1963).
    • R.E. Fr. in Acta Horti Berg. 8: 26 (1923).
    • O. Hoffm. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 420 (1895).
    • Oliv. & Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 433 (1877).
    • Fresen., inMus. Senckenb. 3: 70 (1840).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0