1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Carduus L.
      1. Carduus millefolius R.E.Fr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya.

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Herb 40–90 cm high, erect, spiny; stems arising from a basal rosette, tinged dark crimson, pubescent, with strongly spiny interrupted wings.
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile, decurrent, spiny, pinnately lobed, the basal ones oblong-linear, 20–37 cm long, 1–1.5 cm wide, arching like cats’ tails, with 50–90 pairs of lateral lobes, base petioloid and crimson, the more distal ones rather few, smaller, 3–18 cm long, 0.5–1.5 cm wide, with 8–20 pairs of lateral lobes; with strong spines terminating the lobes and their lobules, and shorter but strong marginal spines in between, glabrous.
    Capitulum
    Capitula in dense terminal clusters to 6 cm in diameter; involucre 20–30 mm long; phyllaries many, lanceolate, the outermost shortest, 10–28 mm long, the outer distally with somewhat expanded blade with the margins proximally ciliate, distally pinnate-pectinate, apex somewhat spinescent; receptacle setae flattened, 14 mm long.
    Florets
    Florets many; corolla mauve to purple, tube 11–13 mm long, lobes 4–5 mm long, anthers grey-purple or blue, style white.
    Fruits
    Achenes shiny brown, smooth, 4 mm long, inflated; pappus bristles 14–15 mm long, distally slightly expanded, united in a ring at base and falling as a unit.
    Habitat
    Moorlands or montane forest clearings, in moist localities; 2750–3200 m
    Distribution
    not known elsewhere K3 K4

    Images

    Distribution

    Carduus millefolius R.E.Fr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 1966 Bally, J. [74], Kenya K000312245
    Mar 1, 1966 Verdcourt, B. [2003], Kenya K000312246
    Napier, E.R. [677], Kenya K000312243
    Polhill [228], Kenya K000312242
    Coe, M. [779], Kenya K000312241
    Heller, E. [s.n.], Kenya K000312247
    Heller, E. [s.n.], Kenya K000312248

    First published in Acta Horti Berg. 8: 34 (1925)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 227 (1994).
    • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bulletin 22: 128 (1968).
    • Kazmi in Mitt. Bot. Staats. München 5: 171 (1963).
    • R.E. Fr. in Acta Horti Berg. 8: 34 (1923).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0