1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Carduus L.
      1. Carduus ruwenzoriensis S.Moore

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. DR Congo to Uganda (Ruwenzori).

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Herb, 0.6–1.8 m high, spiny, erect to rather sprawling; stems with interrupted wings from the leaf-bases down, thinly araneose and glandular, glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves sessile, spiny, pinnatifid, elliptic to oblanceolate in outline, 3–16 cm long, 1–4 cm wide, with 3–6 pairs of (sub-)opposite rounded to triangular lobes, with rather short slender spines terminating the lobes and shorter marginal spines in between, glandular-setose and at first arachnoid-tomentose above, glandular-setose on midrib and veins beneath, glabrescent, occasionally with short superficial spines beneath.
    Capitulum
    Capitula few in lax terminal cymes, rarely solitary; involucre campanulate, 13–20 mm long; phyllaries many in 5–6 series, the innermost largest, lanceolate to ovate, to 12 mm long, apex spinescent-pungent and recurved or (the innermost) acute, margins pectinate-ciliate distally, otherwise glabrous; receptacle with setae 3–3.5 mm long.
    Florets
    Florets 61–84; corolla white or mauve, tube 10–12 mm long, lobes 4–5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Achenes ± 4 mm long, glabrous; pappus of deep brown bristles, 11.5–14.5 mm long, united basally.
    Habitat
    Afro-alpine moorland and Senecio forest; 3000–3850 m
    Distribution
    U2 Congo (Kinshasa)endemic to Ruwenzori

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Uganda, Zaïre

    Carduus ruwenzoriensis S.Moore appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Scott Elliot, G.F. [8108], Uganda K000418455 isotype

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 35: 364 (1902)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Lisowski, Aster. Fl. Afr. Centr.: 592 (1991).
    • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bulletin 22: 127 (1968).
    • Kazmi in Mitt. Bot. Staats. München 5: 153 (1963), includ. syn.
    • O. Hedberg, Afroalpine Vascular Plants p. 250 (1957).
    • R.E. Fr. in Acta Horti Berg. 8: 22 (1923).
    • S. Moore in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 35: 364 (1902).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0