1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Carduus L.
      1. Carduus schimperi Sch.Bip.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Acaulescent perennial spiny herb, to ± 10 cm high; roots stout, grey.
    Leaves
    Leaves all basal, appressed to the ground, forming a flat spiny rosette 15–80 cm in diameter, narrowly oblong to broadly (ob-)ovate in outline, pinnatifid to pinnatisect, 5–33 cm long, 1.5–8 cm wide, basally cuneate to attenuate into a rather broad, flattened, glandular-setose petioloid base, with 6–10 pairs of triangular-lobulate to -dentate lobes, spreading or somewhat ascending, the terminal lobe obtuse, with prominent pale yellow spines terminating the lobes and their teeth or lobules, with shorter marginal spines in between, glabrous or setose on the midrib, rarely scattered-setose above, setose on the midrib and main veins beneath, the midrib often purplish.
    Capitulum
    Capitula in clusters of 2–10 (rarely solitary) in the middle of the rosette, sessile or nearly so; involucre 25–40 mm long, phyllaries many (75–119), imbricate in 6–7 series, lanceolate or ovate, 3–36 mm long, acuminate-spinescent, ± reflexed, arachnoid-tomentose on the margins but rapidly glabrescent; receptacle with setae 5–8 mm long.
    Florets
    Florets many (121–160); corolla pale mauve or white, tube cylindrical proximally and expanded distally, 15–35 mm long, lobes 3.5–7 mm long, finely pubescent.
    Fruits
    Achenes broadly fusiform, compressed, slightly angled or ribbed, 5–7 mm long, glabrous; pappus of numerous bristles 15–44 mm long, basally flattened and united into a ring, deciduous as a unit.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Tanzania

    Carduus schimperi Sch.Bip. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1923 Schimper [1301], Ethiopia K000418462
    Schimper [1412], Ethiopia K000418461 holotype

    First published in Linnaea 19: 334 (1846)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Kazmi in Mitt. Bot. Staats. München 5: 146 (1963).
    • R.E. Fr. in Acta Horti Berg. 8: 17 (1923).
    • Oliv. & Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 434 (1877).
    • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 455 (1848).
    • Sch. Bip., Linnaea 19: 334 (1846).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0