1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Schoenefeldia Kunth

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Cape Verde, Sahara to India and S. Africa.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual (1), or perennial (1). Culms geniculately ascending, or decumbent; 15-73.75-120 cm long. Ligule a ciliate membrane.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes digitate; unilateral. Rhachis flattened. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; crowded; 2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension (1), or with diminished florets at the apex (1). Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 3-4.125-5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pilose.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension (1), or with diminished florets at the apex (1). Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 3-4.125-5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pilose.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.6-0.65-0.7 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate; awned. Upper glume lanceolate; 1.2-1.6-2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume apex acute; muticous (1), or awned (1); 1 -awned (1/1).
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous (1), or pilose (1). Lemma margins eciliate (1), or ciliate (1). Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; flexuous. Palea hyaline; 2 -veined. Apical sterile florets 1 in number (1/1); barren (1/1); lanceolate (1/1). Apical sterile lemmas awned (1/1).
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with tardily free pericarp; ellipsoid; laterally compressed. Embryo 0.5-0.55-0.6 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    Africa, or Temperate Asia (1), or Tropical Asia (1).
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of (1)2–4 digitate unilateral racemes bearing imbricate spikelets on a flat rhachis.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets strictly 1-flowered, or with a rhachilla extension terminating in a minute long-awned vestigial floret, strongly laterally compressed, sessile, alternate in 2 rows on a tough axis, disarticulating above the glumes; glumes subequal, 1-nerved, membranous, keeled, as long as the spikelet, divergent, acute to shortly awned; lemma shorter than the glumes, membranous, becoming chartaceous or cartilaginous, ciliate on the nerves, minutely 2-toothed at the apex, with a long fine flexuous awn from the sinus, the awns at length beautifully braided.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis narrowly ellipsoid to obovoid, dorsally rounded or flattened.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Annual or perennial
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades narrowly linear; ligule reduced to a hairy rim
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of solitary, paired or digitate slender 1-sided spikes
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 1-flowered, with or without an additional vestigial floret; glumes unequal, lanceolate, membranous, 1 nerved, keeled, acute, mucronate or short-awned; fertile lemma shorter than the glumes, ovate-elliptic, laterally compressed and keeled, membranous, at length chartaceous or cartilaginous, ciliate on the nerves, minutely 2-toothed, with a fine long flexuous awn from between the teeth
    Fruits
    Caryopsis narrowly ellipsoid to obovoid, rounded or flattened on the back.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Chad, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Madagascar, Palestine

    Schoenefeldia Kunth appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Pfund [322], Egypt K000365030

    First published in Révis. Gramin. 1: 86 (1829)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Rev. Gram. 1: 283, t. 53 (1830).
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Révis. Gramin. 1: 86, t. 53 (1829).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Rév. Gram. 1: 283, t. 53 (1830)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0