1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Sphenopus Trin.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Canary Islands, Medit. to Central Asia and Pakistan.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual. Culms erect (1), or geniculately ascending (1), or decumbent; 5-18.75-30 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open, or contracted (1). Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels cuneate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-5 fertile florets, or 6 fertile florets (1); with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic (1), or cuneate (1); laterally compressed; 2-3.5-5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-5 fertile florets, or 6 fertile florets (1); with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic (1), or cuneate (1); laterally compressed; 2-3.5-5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume orbicular; 0.2-0.325-0.5 length of upper glume; hyaline; without keels; 0 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume oblong; 0.25-0.375-0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; hyaline; without keels (1), or 1-keeled (1); 0-1 -veined. Upper glume apex emarginate (1), or obtuse (1), or acute (1).
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic (1), or ovate (1); membranous; keeled; 3 -veined (1), or 5 -veined (1). Lemma midvein without distinctive roughness (1), or scabrous (1). Lemma lateral veins with distinct primaries but obscure intermediates (1/1). Lemma apex truncate (1), or obtuse; muticous (1), or mucronate (1). Palea keels smooth (1), or scabrous (1); eciliate (1), or ciliolate (1). Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; linear (1), or oblong (1). Embryo 0.2-0.225-0.25 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    Europe (1), or Africa, or Temperate Asia (1), or Australasia (1).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Baleares, Canary Is., Cyprus, Egypt, France, Greece, Gulf States, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, North Caucasus, Pakistan, Palestine, Portugal, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Spain, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan

    Introduced into:

    Cape Provinces, South Australia

    Sphenopus Trin. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Fund. Agrost.: 135 (1820)

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0