1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Spodiopogon Trin.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Indian Subcontinent to Temp. Asia.

    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Annual (3), or perennial (12). Rhizomes absent (9), or short (1), or elongated (5). Culms erect (11/14), or geniculately ascending (1/14), or decumbent (3/14); robust (1/3), or slender (2/3); 20-109.3-300 cm long; rooting from lower nodes (2/2). Lateral branches lacking (1/3), or ample (2/3). Leaf-sheath auricles absent (14), or erect (1). Ligule an eciliate membrane (7), or a ciliolate membrane (8). Leaf-blade base without a false petiole (8), or with a false petiole (7). Leaf-blades persistent (14), or deciduous at the ligule (1); linear (11), or lanceolate (10), or elliptic (3). Leaf-blade midrib conspicuous (2/2).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle (1), or a panicle with branches tipped by a raceme (14); terminal (14), or terminal and axillary (1); exserted, or embraced at base by subtending leaf (1). Panicle open (14), or contracted (1). Primary panicle branches not whorled (6), or whorled at most nodes (9). Racemes bearing a triad of spikelets (1/14), or few fertile spikelets (12/14), or many spikelets (1/14); 2 fertile spikelets on each (4/8), or 3-4 fertile spikelets on each (6/8), or 5 fertile spikelets on each (5/8), or 6 fertile spikelets on each (4/8), or 7-8 fertile spikelets on each (3/8), or 9-11 fertile spikelets on each (2/8). Rhachis tough (3/14), or fragile at the nodes (11/14); flattened (2/10), or subterete (8/10). Rhachis internodes indefinite (7/14), or linear (3/14), or clavate (2/14), or cuneate (2/14). Spikelets in pairs, or in threes (1). Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled (12), or pedicelled (3); 2 in the cluster, or 3 in the cluster (1); the upper smaller (1/1). Pedicels filiform (1/11), or linear (3/11), or clavate (5/11), or cuneate (2/11); tip cupuliform (12/12).
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (10), or elliptic (4), or oblong (1), or ovate (4); dorsally compressed; 3.5-5.255-9 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures (12). Spikelet callus pubescent (4/14), or pilose (6/14), or bearded (4/14); base obtuse (14/14); inserted (14/14).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate (10), or elliptic (4), or oblong (1), or ovate (4); dorsally compressed; 3.5-5.255-9 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures (12). Spikelet callus pubescent (4/14), or pilose (6/14), or bearded (4/14); base obtuse (14/14); inserted (14/14).
    Glume
    Glumes exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume linear (1), or lanceolate (5), or elliptic (2), or oblong (1), or ovate (8); chartaceous; without keels; 5 -veined (3/14), or 6 -veined (5/14), or 7 -veined (10/14), or 8 -veined (6/14), or 9 -veined (7/14), or 10-11 -veined (3/14), or 12-13 -veined (1/14). Lower glume lateral veins without ribs (1), or ribbed (14). Lower glume surface smooth (14), or scabrous (1); glabrous (2), or pubescent (3), or pilose (9), or villous (1). Lower glume apex entire (11), or dentate (5); 2 -fid (5/5); emarginate (1/11), or truncate (2/11), or obtuse (2/11), or acute (5/11), or acuminate (4/11); muticous (13), or mucronate (4). Upper glume lanceolate (8), or ovate (7); chartaceous; with undifferentiated margins (14), or membranous margins (1); without keels (14), or 1-keeled (1); 3-4 -veined (5/14), or 5 -veined (8/14), or 6 -veined (4/14), or 7 -veined (8/14), or 8-11 -veined (1/14). Upper glume primary vein eciliate (13), or ciliate (2). Upper glume lateral veins ribbed. Upper glume surface smooth (14), or scabrous (1); glabrous (6), or pubescent (2), or pilose (8). Upper glume apex entire (12), or dentate (4); 2 -fid (4/4); emarginate (2/12), or obtuse (2/12), or acute (9/12), or acuminate (2/12); muticous (10), or mucronate (6), or awned (1); 1 -awned (1/1).
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male (12), or barren (3); with palea (13), or without significant palea (3). Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate (7), or oblong (5), or ovate (6); hyaline (11), or membranous (4); 0-2 -veined (2/6), or 3 -veined (3/6); emarginate (1/12), or truncate (2/12), or obtuse (3/12), or acute (7/12); muticous (14), or awned (1). Fertile lemma linear (6/14), or lanceolate (4/14), or oblong (6/14); hyaline; 3 -veined (2/3), or 5 -veined (1/3). Lemma surface glabrous (14), or puberulous (1). Lemma apex entire (1), or dentate (1), or lobed (13); 2 -fid (14/14); incised 0.33-0.536-0.66 of lemma length; emarginate (1/1); muticous (1), or awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; straight (1), or geniculate. Palea 0.5-0.8611-1 length of lemma; hyaline (14), or membranous (1); 0 -veined (8/8); without keels (12), or 2-keeled (3). Palea apex dentate (3/3).
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2 (12/12); glabrous (11/12), or ciliate (1/12); 2-toothed (1/1). Anthers 3. Stigmas 2 (1/1).
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp (3/3); fusiform (3/3); laterally compressed (2/2). Embryo 0.5-0.54-0.66 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform (2/2).
    Distribution
    Temperate Asia (11), or Tropical Asia (6).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Amur, Assam, Buryatiya, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, East Himalaya, Hainan, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Irkutsk, Japan, Khabarovsk, Korea, Lebanon-Syria, Manchuria, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Palestine, Primorye, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Turkey, West Himalaya

    Spodiopogon Trin. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8863], Myanmar K001128400
    Gomez, W. [Cat. no. 8862], Myanmar K001128399
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8859] K001128392
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8860] K001128394
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8860] K001128395
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8861] K001128397
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 8861] K001128398
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8859] K001128390
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8859], India K001128391
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8860], India K001128393

    First published in Fund. Agrost.: 192 (1820)

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0