1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Styppeiochloa De Winter

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Habit
    Inflorescence a contracted panicle.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2–5-flowered; glumes unequal to subequal, shorter than the spikelet; floret callus short, obtuse; lemmas keeled, 3–5(7)-nerved, glabrous or pubescent on the margins, bilobed at the apex, with a short straight awn in the sinus, sometimes the lobes also awned; palea almost as long as the lemma, the keels glabrous, wingless.
    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect; 10-41.66-70 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades filiform; stiff (1), or firm (2). Leaf-blade apex muticous (1), or pungent (2).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-4 fertile florets (1), or 5-6 fertile florets (2); without rhachilla extension (1), or with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 5-7.216-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus bearded.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-4 fertile florets (1), or 5-6 fertile florets (2); without rhachilla extension (1), or with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 5-7.216-12 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus bearded.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.75-0.8-0.9 length of upper glume; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute (1), or acuminate; muticous (1), or awned (2). Upper glume lanceolate (1), or ovate (2); 0.5-0.8583-1.3 length of adjacent fertile lemma; 1-keeled; 1 -veined, or 2-3 -veined (2). Upper glume apex acuminate; muticous (1), or awned (2); 1 -awned (2/2).
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined (2/2), or 4-5 -veined (1/2). Lemma midvein eciliate (2), or ciliate (1). Lemma margins eciliate (2), or ciliate (1). Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined (2/2). Palea apex muticous (1), or with excurrent keel veins (2). Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2 (2/2); fleshy (2/2).
    Distribution
    Africa.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

    Styppeiochloa De Winter appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bothalia 9: 134 (1966)

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Bothalia 9: 134 (1966).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0