1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Tricholaena Schrad.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Dry parts of Africa, Central & & Medit. to India and Arabian Peninsula.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets slightly laterally compressed.
    Glume
    Inferior glume small or suppressed; superior glume and inferior lemma as long as spikelet, membranous, not gibbous, emarginate to acute, awnless to mucronate.
    Florets
    Superior floret dorsally compressed, readily deciduous, its lemma cartilaginous.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips And S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Perennials, rarely annuals
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades rigid, glaucous, frequently involute; ligule a ciliate rim
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle
    Spikelets
    Spikelets symmetrically oblong in profile, lightly compressed laterally, awnless; lower glume small or suppressed, slightly separated from the upper; upper glume as long as the spikelet, thinly membranous, indistinctly (3–)5-nerved, not gibbous, slightly emarginate to acute; lower floret ♂, its lemma resembling the upper glume, 5(–7)-nerved; upper lemma smaller than the lower, dorsally compressed, firmly cartilaginous, smooth and shining, white, readily deciduous, the margins flat and clasping 1/4–2/3 of the palea, acute
    Fruits
    Caryopsis ovate to elliptic oblong.
    [GB]

    nonem

    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect (1), or geniculately ascending (2), or decumbent (2); 10-45.25-120 cm long; firm (3), or wiry (1); rooting from lower nodes (1/1). Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades stiff (2), or firm (3).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; exserted (3), or embraced at base by subtending leaf (1). Panicle open. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform (2/2).
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 1.5-2.475-3.5 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes brief up to lowest fertile floret (2), or elongated between glumes (2).
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 1.5-2.475-3.5 mm long; falling entire. Rhachilla internodes brief up to lowest fertile floret (2), or elongated between glumes (2).
    Glume
    Glumes reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblate; hyaline; without keels; 0 -veined, or 1 -veined (2). Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface glabrous (2), or pilose (3). Lower glume apex truncate. Upper glume ovate; membranous; without keels; 3-4 -veined (3), or 5 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous (2), or pilose (3); with simple hairs (2/3), or tubercle-based hairs (1/3). Upper glume apex emarginate (2), or truncate (3), or obtuse (2), or acute (2); muticous (1), or mucronate (3).
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; membranous; 5 -veined, or 6-7 -veined (3); emarginate (2), or truncate (3), or obtuse (2), or acute (1); muticous (1), or mucronate (3). Fertile lemma elliptic; dorsally compressed; cartilaginous; without keel; 3-5 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea cartilaginous; 2 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    Europe (1), or Africa, or Temperate Asia (1), or Tropical Asia (2).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Botswana, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Ghana, Gulf States, India, Iran, Italy, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Western Sahara, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Tricholaena Schrad. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8660] K001131144
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 8660] K001131145

    First published in J.A.Schultes, Mant. 2: 8, 163 (1824)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 9: 908 (1930).
    • in Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 2, Mant. 163 (1824)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Zizka in Bibl. Bot. 138: 36–50 (1988).
    • Mant. 2: 163 (1824).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • in Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 2, Mant.: 163 (1824)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0