1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pharus P.Browne
      1. Pharus parvifolius Nash

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Mexico to Tropical America.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms decumbent, or rambling; 50-100 cm long; 3-6 mm diam.; rooting from lower nodes. Culm-internodes solid. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5-1 mm long. Leaf-blade base with a false petiole; petiole 0.6-3 cm long. Leaf-blades inverted; elliptic; 10-28 cm long; 20-30 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation slanting obliquely from midrib; with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Monoecious; with male and female spikelets in the same inflorescence. Inflorescence a panicle. Peduncle 10-15 cm long. Panicle open; ovate; 15-30 cm long; contracted about primary branches. Primary panicle branches spreading; simple. Panicle axis puberulous; with hooked hairs; bearing deciduous branches. Panicle branches stiff; pubescent; with hooked hairs. Sexes mixed. Spikelets appressed; in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Male spikelets pedicelled; 1 in a cluster. Pedicels filiform.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear; straight; subterete; 12-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Male spikelets similar to female but less developed; 1 flowered; separately deciduous; lanceolate; 3-3.7 mm long. Male spikelet glumes 2. Male spikelet lemma 3 -veined.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear; straight; subterete; 12-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 7 mm long; 0.8-0.9 length of upper glume; scarious; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 7 mm long; 0.5-0.6 length of adjacent fertile lemma; scarious; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma linear; subterete; 12-15 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy all along; with hooked hairs. Lemma margins involute; interlocking with palea keels. Lemma apex acute; with a conical beak; with this appendage 1 mm long. Palea linear; 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 6; 1.8-1.9 mm long. Stigmas 3; pubescent.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; oblong; sulcate on hilar side; 9-11 mm long.
    Male
    Male spikelets similar to female but less developed; 1 flowered; separately deciduous; lanceolate; 3-3.7 mm long. Male spikelet glumes 2. Male spikelet lemma 3 -veined.
    Distribution
    North America: southeast USA and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, and Brazil.
    Reference
    Phareae. Fl Costa Rica.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Brazil North, Brazil Southeast, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela

    Pharus parvifolius Nash appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Riedel [s.n.], Brazil K000947333
    Jangoux, J. [1487], Brazil K000947332
    Jan 1, 1988 Egler, W.A. [46686A], Brazil Pharus parvifolius subsp. elongatus K000947334

    First published in Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 35: 301 (1908)

    Accepted by

    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0