1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Philodendron Schott
      1. Philodendron martianum Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. & S. Brazil.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Distribution
    E. & S. Brazil.
    General Description
    Stem short, very thick, procumbent. LEAVES dense; petioles patent, up to 40 cm long, swollen, semi-terete, almost 3 cm tall, 2-2.5 cm at the base, 4.5-4 cm at halfway, barely 2-2.5 cm thick at the apex, deeply excavated halfway on the upper surface, basal sheath almost 10 cm long, strongly concave, margins bent inwards towards each other and covering over the hollow. Blade thickly coriaceous, glossy on the upper side, lanceolate or lanceolate-oblong, apex shortly acuminate, base obtuse or sub-truncate, 35-65 cm long, 14-20 cm wide; midrib semiterete, 1.5-2 cm thick at the base, soon disappearing towards the apex, and primary lateral veins slender, 6-10, ascending, joined near the cartilaginous margin barely thicker than secondary and tertiary veins. INFLORESCENCE: Peduncle terete, 8-10 cm long, 1 cm thick. Spathe thickly coriaceous, boat-shaped, cuspidulate, 12-15 cm long, 4-5 cm wide, lower half externally green, internally from the base bright ('laete') purple green or yellow-green, above halfway whitish on both sides. Spadix: female zone 5-6 cm long, sterile male zone 2.5-3 cm long, fertile zone 6-7 cm long, 1 cm thick, long-cylindroid, obtuse. Pistils ovoid, 2 mm long, 7-8-locular, locules usually 4-ovulate. INFRUCTESCENCE: Berries dirty yellow. Seeds elliptic, dirty yellowish, striate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast

    Philodendron martianum Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2005 Engler, A. [51], Bahia K000303215

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 26: 518 (1899)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0