1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Philodendron Schott
      1. Philodendron musifolium Engl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ecuador.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Distribution
    Endemic to the western slopes of the Andes in Ecuador.
    General Description
    Hemiepiphyte or terrestrial vine; stems ca. 2 m long; internodes 4–15 cm long, 1–4.3 cm diam., green to grayish green or gray, and semiglossy to glossy, flattened on one side; sap transparent; cataphylls to 15 cm long, medium green to green and sharply 2-ribbed, brittle, deciduous; LEAVES: petioles subterete to terete, 17.5–30.5 cm long, 0.5–1.6 cm diam., medium to dark green, spongy, semiglossy, obtusely flattened adaxially, sometimes dark short-lineate; blades oblong-elliptic to lanceolate, cuspidate at apex, weakly cordulate and sometimes tapered at base, subcoriaceous to coriaceous, 27–63.5 cm long, 5–15.5 (23.4) cm wide, 2.3 to 5.6 times longer than wide, sinus 0.3–3.5 (4.5) cm deep, bicolorous, dark green and semiglossy above, paler and glossy below, drying wrinkled and uneven, dark brown or reddish brown on upper surface, semiglossy and light brown or a pale reddish brown on lower, juvenile blades narrowly elliptic and obtuse to weakly truncate at base; midrib flat, sunken and concolorous above, semiglossy, narrowly raised and slightly paler green to purplish below, drying flat to broadly convex and darker on upper surface, somewhat convex and sometimes with an acute ridge on lower surface, pairs of primary lateral veins variable, ranging from 18–32 pairs, obscure above, weakly visible and darker below to very weakly visible on both surfaces; interprimary veins very numerous, weakly raised above, totally obscure to moderately distinct below. INFLORESCENCES 1–4 (5) per axil; peduncle green, faintly striate, 12.5–15 cm long, 5–10 mm diam., spathe 11–19 cm long, 0.8–1.5 cm diam., blade of spathe medium green or pale green outside, whitish within (post-anthesis); spathe tube dark violet-purple outside and inside; spadix cylindrical, enclosed within spathe; pistillate portion 7.0 cm long, 1.3 cm diam.; flowers green, staminate flowers yellow on upper portion of spadix 8.5 cm long, 0.8 cm diam., sterile staminate portion 8 mm long; young fruits green.
    Habitat
    Lower Montane moist, Lower montane wet forest, Tropical wet forest and Premontane moist forest life zones. The species also occurs on deforested slopes among small patches of scrub.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ecuador

    Philodendron musifolium Engl. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 126 (1905)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    CATE Araceae
    • Croat, T.B. & Weber, D. 2007.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0