1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Philodendron Schott
      1. Philodendron rugosum Bogner & G.S.Bunting

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Colombia to Ecuador.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    General Description
    Climber. Stems up to 4 cm in diameter, internodes 1.5-3 cm long; aerial roots up to 5 mm in diameter, reddish brown. Cataphylls 18-20 cm long, green becoming brown and persistent for some time. LEAVES: Petiole up to 40 cm long, terete, ca. 1 cm in diameter ad midpoint, middle green; vaginate part 6-7 cm long (in non-flowering material 10-15 cm long). Leaf blade coriaceous, ovate, base cordate, apex cuspidate to 35 cm long and 30 cm middle green, upper surface conspicuously rugose, lower surface smooth, with a prominent hyaline margin; midrib convex and basally up to 8 mm wide, with 7-10 inconspicuous primary lateral veins arising from each side of midrib. INFLORESCENCES 1-4 together. Peduncle 4.5-5 cm long and 0.6-0.8 cm in diameter, reddish. Spathe 8-10 cm long, slightly constricted, the tube up to 2 cm in diameter; dark red below and lighter red above on both faces, with a short greenish tip. Spadix sessile, adnate to the spathe for ca. 1.2 cm length, up to 9 cm long and ca. 1 cm thick, cream-colored, apically blunt; pistillate part to 4.5 cm long and the staminate part approximately of the same length. Pistil ca. 2 mm long; stigma subcapitate, ca. 0.8 mm in diameter; ovary shortly cylindric ca. 1.8 mm long and 1.4 mm in diameter, mostly 6-locular usually with one orthotropous ovule in each locule. Staminate flowers of 3 (2-4) stamens, 1 mm long and 1.2-2 mm in diameter; pollen grains ellipsoid, inaperturate, 26-27 µm long and 13-14 µm thick, exine verrucose. Chromosomes: 2n = 36.
    Distribution
    Ecuador: Prov. Pastaza, between Puyo and Veracruz, ca. 10-12 km from Puyo. Known only from the type locality.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Ecuador

    Philodendron rugosum Bogner & G.S.Bunting appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bogner, J. [1522], Ecuador K000434707 Unknown type material
    Bogner [1522], Ecuador 49724.000 Unknown type material

    First published in Willdenowia 13: 183 (1983)

    Accepted by

    • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    CATE Araceae
    • Bogner, J. & Bunting, G.S. 1983. A new Philodendron species Araceae from Ecuador. Willdenowia. 13: 183-185.
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0