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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Guttiferae, P. Bamps, N. Robson & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Trees or rarely shrubs, secreting a milky yellow or clear latex; bark of young trees with characteristic diamond- or boat-shaped fissures
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, petiolate or rarely ± sessile, entire, usually coriaceous, with very numerous and closely placed fine parallel lateral nerves alternating with ± translucent glandular canals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers terminal or axillary, in few–many-flowered racemes or panicle-like cymes or rarely reduced to 1–3, hermaphrodite
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4, free, the inner pair sometimes ± petaloid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 2 or 4–8 or sometimes absent, white, imbricate, not always distinguishable from the inner sepals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens numerous, usually arranged in 4 bundles opposite the petals or sometimes ± free; filaments slender and ± flexuous; anthers ovate to linear-oblong
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 1-locular, with solitary erect ovule; style simple, slender, often flexuous; stigma peltate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a drupe, with brittle or thick pericarp and 1 large seed.

[FZ]

Guttiferae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

Morphology General Habit
Trees or rarely shrubs secreting a milky or yellow or clear latex.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, almost always petiolate, entire, often coriaceous, with lateral nerves numerous, slender, close together and parallel (usually nearly at right angles to the midrib), alternating with ± translucent glandular canals.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers terminal or axillary, in few- to many-flowered racemes or paniculate cymes or rarely reduced to 1–3, bisexual.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4, decussate, free, the inner pair sometimes ± petaloid.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4–8 (sometimes absent), white, imbricate, not always distinguishable from the inner sepals.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Androecium of 4 antipetalous stamen-fascicles each of numerous stamens, or sometimes with stamens apparently free; filaments slender and sometimes flexuous; anthers ovate to linear-oblong; fasciclodes absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 1-locular, with a single erect ovule; style simple, slender, often flexuous; stigma peltate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a 1-seeded drupe with crustaceous pericarp.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds large.

Native to:

Aldabra, Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cambodia, Caroline Is., Chagos Archipelago, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Comoros, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, French Guiana, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niue, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Seychelles, Solomon Is., South China Sea, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Western Australia, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Bahamas, Bermuda, Cameroon, Central American Pac, Congo, Florida, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Line Is., Marquesas, Phoenix Is., Pitcairn Is., Society Is., Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is.

Calophyllum L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2011 Fróes, R.L. [21245], Brazil K001071886
Jan 1, 1996 Acevedo-Rodriguez, P. [8446], Brazil K001071887
Coode, M. [4263] 33409.000
Coode [5453], Philippines 51346.000
Milliken, W. [934], Indonesia 62755.000
Johns, R.J. [9220], New Guinea 62501.000

First published in Sp. Pl.: 513 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 229 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 513 (1753)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Henderson & Wyatt-Smith in Gard. Bull., Singapore 15: 285–375 (1956)
  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 229 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 513 (1753)
  • Stevens in Austral. Journ. Bot. 22: 349–411 (1974)

Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0