1. Family: Calophyllaceae J.Agardh
    1. Calophyllum L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.

    [FTEA]

    Guttiferae, P. Bamps, N. Robson & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1978

    Habit
    Trees or rarely shrubs, secreting a milky yellow or clear latex; bark of young trees with characteristic diamond- or boat-shaped fissures
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, petiolate or rarely ± sessile, entire, usually coriaceous, with very numerous and closely placed fine parallel lateral nerves alternating with ± translucent glandular canals
    Flowers
    Flowers terminal or axillary, in few–many-flowered racemes or panicle-like cymes or rarely reduced to 1–3, hermaphrodite
    Calyx
    Sepals 4, free, the inner pair sometimes ± petaloid
    Corolla
    Petals 2 or 4–8 or sometimes absent, white, imbricate, not always distinguishable from the inner sepals
    Stamens
    Stamens numerous, usually arranged in 4 bundles opposite the petals or sometimes ± free; filaments slender and ± flexuous; anthers ovate to linear-oblong
    Pistil
    Ovary 1-locular, with solitary erect ovule; style simple, slender, often flexuous; stigma peltate
    Fruits
    Fruit a drupe, with brittle or thick pericarp and 1 large seed.
    [FZ]

    Guttiferae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Trees or rarely shrubs secreting a milky or yellow or clear latex.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, almost always petiolate, entire, often coriaceous, with lateral nerves numerous, slender, close together and parallel (usually nearly at right angles to the midrib), alternating with ± translucent glandular canals.
    Flowers
    Flowers terminal or axillary, in few- to many-flowered racemes or paniculate cymes or rarely reduced to 1–3, bisexual.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4, decussate, free, the inner pair sometimes ± petaloid.
    Corolla
    Petals 4–8 (sometimes absent), white, imbricate, not always distinguishable from the inner sepals.
    Androecium
    Androecium of 4 antipetalous stamen-fascicles each of numerous stamens, or sometimes with stamens apparently free; filaments slender and sometimes flexuous; anthers ovate to linear-oblong; fasciclodes absent.
    Pistil
    Ovary 1-locular, with a single erect ovule; style simple, slender, often flexuous; stigma peltate.
    Fruits
    Fruit a 1-seeded drupe with crustaceous pericarp.
    Seeds
    Seeds large.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Aldabra, Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Bismarck Archipelago, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cambodia, Caroline Is., Chagos Archipelago, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Comoros, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, French Guiana, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Jamaica, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Marianas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nauru, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niue, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Seychelles, Solomon Is., South China Sea, Southwest Caribbean, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Western Australia, Windward Is.

    Introduced into:

    Bahamas, Bermuda, Cameroon, Central American Pac, Congo, Florida, Gabon, Gambia, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Marquesas, Phoenix Is., Pitcairn Is., Society Is., Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is.

    Calophyllum L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2011 Fróes, R.L. [21245], Brazil K001071886
    Jan 1, 1996 Acevedo-Rodriguez, P. [8446], Brazil K001071887
    Coode, M. [4263] 33409.000
    Johns, R.J. [9220], New Guinea 62501.000
    Milliken, W. [934], Indonesia 62755.000
    Coode [5453], Philippines 51346.000

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 513 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 229 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 513 (1753)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Stevens in Austral. Journ. Bot. 22: 349–411 (1974)
    • Henderson & Wyatt-Smith in Gard. Bull., Singapore 15: 285–375 (1956)
    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 229 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 513 (1753)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0