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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.
Phyla nodiflora

[FTEA]

Verbenaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1992

Morphology General Habit
Prostrate creeping herb, with slender often purplish stems 20–45 cm. long covered with fine medifixed hairs; rootstock woody.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves often purplish, oblanceolate to obovate, 0.5–5 cm. long, 0.2–3 cm. wide, acute and sharply serrate at the apex, cuneate and entire at the base, glabrous or thinly pubescent with adpressed medifixed hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Spikes purplish, cylindrical, 0.3–2.5 cm. long; bracts broadly obovate to oblate-cuspidate, 2–3 × 3–5 mm.; peduncles 1.3–8 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx dorsiventrally flattened, 1.4 mm. long, split almost to base abaxially and to about the middle adaxially.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla mauve, pink or white with yellow centre, often white and purple in one inflorescence, and sometimes purple in bud, white when open; tube ± 1.5 mm. long; lobes unequal, 0.6–0.8 mm. in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 4, didynamous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma obliquely capitate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit rounded obovoid, 1.2 × 1–1.2 mm., divided into 2 pyrenes.
Figures
Fig. 4.
Habitat
Sandy lake shores, shore mud, lava boulders by lakes, lakeside grassland, also roadsides and Avicennia salt marshes; 0–1170 m.
Distribution
K3 K5 K7 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T8 U1 U2 Z now widespread in tropics, subtropics and warmer temperate regionsthroughout tropical Africa from Senegal, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia and Somalia to South Africa and also in North Africa.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 363 m.; Islas Caribeñas, Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
Preocupación Menor

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol 8, Pt 7. Avicenniaceae, R. Fernandes. Nesogenaceae, M.A. Diniz. Verbenaceae, R. Fernandes. Lamiaceae, R. Fernandes. 2005.

Type
Type from N America (Virginia).
Ecology
Lake and dam shores, river banks, floodplains, pan margins, coastal dunes and swamp margins, in damp or seasonally inundated soils, sands and heavy black clays and in mud; 0–1300 m.
Note
Moldenke, in Fifth Summ. Verbenaceae: 252 (1971), has recorded Phyla nodiflora var. reptans (H.B. & K.) Moldenke for Moçambique.  However, we have not been able to confirm this record.
Distribution
Widespread in the tropics, subtropics and warmer temperate regions; throughout tropical Africa from Senegal, Central African Republic, Sudan, Ethiopia and Somalia to South Africa. Caprivi Strip
Morphology General Habit
Prostrate perennial herb with long trailing stems radiating from a woody taproot. Prostrate perennial herb with long trailing stems radiating from a woody taproot
Morphology Stem
Stems up to 2(3) m long, decumbent, terete and somewhat fleshy, drying ± angular and sulcate, rooting at the nodes; internodes 0.7–9 cm long; nodes somewhat thickened; branches 1–2 at each node, from leaf axils, up to 30 cm long, erect or the longer branches ± decumbent and sometimes rooting at the nodes. Stems up to 2(3) m long, decumbent, terete and somewhat fleshy, drying ± angular and sulcate, rooting at the nodes; internodes 0.7–9 cm long; nodes somewhat thickened; branches 1–2 at each node, from leaf axils, up to 30 cm long, erect or the longer branches ± decumbent and sometimes rooting at the nodes
Morphology General Indumentum
Indumentum of short appressed medifixed sharply pointed white hairs, sparse on old parts, ± dense on younger parts, mainly on leaves and floral bracts. Indumentum of short appressed medifixed sharply pointed white hairs, sparse on old parts, ± dense on younger parts, mainly on leaves and floral bracts
Morphology Leaves
Leaves somewhat fleshy, opposite, sessile or shortly petiolate, 0.8–7.2 × 0.4–2.5 cm, spathulate, oblanceolate or obovate, obtuse to rounded or subacute at the apex and sharply coarsely serrate at the upper part, cuneate and entire at the lower part; petiole up to 8 mm long. Leaves somewhat fleshy, opposite, sessile or shortly petiolate, 0.8–7.2 × 0.4–2.5 cm, spathulate, oblanceolate or obovate, obtuse to rounded or subacute at the apex and sharply coarsely serrate at the upper part, cuneate and entire at the lower part; petiole up to 8 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Spikes short, dense, subglobose or shortly-ovoid at flowering time, and up to 1–2.5(3) cm × 5–9 mm at maturity, cylindric; peduncles (0.5)1–11.5 cm long; bracts closely imbricate, up to c. 2.5 × 2 mm, broadly obovate to oblate-cuspidate, persistent and ± accrescent. Spikes short, dense, subglobose or shortly-ovoid at flowering time, and up to 1–2.5(3) cm × 5–9 mm at maturity, cylindric; peduncles (0.5)1–11.5 cm long; bracts closely imbricate, up to c. 2.5 × 2 mm, broadly obovate to oblate-cuspidate, persistent and ± accrescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx compressed, membranous, deeply split almost to the base abaxially and to about the middle adaxially, persistent but hardly accrescent; lobes 1.5–2 mm long, hyaline or dark purple, shortly toothed on the keels. Calyx compressed, membranous, deeply split almost to the base abaxially and to about the middle adaxially, persistent but hardly accrescent; lobes 1.5–2 mm long, hyaline or dark purple, shortly toothed on the keels
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla mauve-pink or white with a yellow throat, often white and purple in the same inflorescence, sometimes purple in bud, white when open, c. 2.5 mm long; tube 1.5–2 mm long and 1–1.5 mm broad at the mouth; limb 2–2.5 mm in diameter with the upper lip 2-lobed and erect, the lower lip larger, 3-lobed with the median lobe oblong. Corolla mauve-pink or white with a yellow throat, often white and purple in the same inflorescence, sometimes purple in bud, white when open, c. 2.5 mm long; tube 1.5–2 mm long and 1–1.5 mm broad at the mouth; limb 2–2.5 mm in diameter with the upper lip 2-lobed and erect, the lower lip larger, 3-lobed with the median lobe oblong
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mericarps 1.5–2 mm long, sub-hemispherical, flattened at the commissural face, obtuse or rounded at the apex, glabrous, enclosed within the persistent calyx. Mericarps 1.5–2 mm long, sub-hemispherical, flattened at the commissural face, obtuse or rounded at the apex, glabrous, enclosed within the persistent calyx.

[FWTA]

Verbenaceae, H. Huber, F. N. Hepper & R. D. Meikle. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A prostrate creeping herb
Ecology
Of moist places
Morphology Leaves
Leaves often tinged purple
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts often tinged purple
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers mauve or pink.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology Stem
Stems 10–50 cm long, covered by fine appressed hairs
Morphology Leaves
Leaves oblanceolate to obovate, 0.5–5 x 0.2–3 cm, serrate in apical part, cuneate and entire in basal part, glabrous or appressed pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Spikes purplish, cylindrical, 0.3–2.5 cm long; bracts broadly obovate to oblate-cuspidate, 2–3 x 3–5 mm; peduncles 0.5–8 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx c. 1.4 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla mauve, pink or white with yellow centre; tube c. 1.5 mm long; lobes 0.6–0.8 mm in diam. Fruit rounded obovoid, 1.2 x 1–1.2 mm.
Distribution
N1–3; C2; S1–3; throughout tropical Africa and also in many other tropical, subtropical and warm temperate areas.
Ecology
Altitude range 0–1800 m.

[UNAL]
Vernacular
Yerba’emaco

Native to:

Alabama, Albania, Aldabra, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Assam, Bahamas, Baleares, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, California, Cambodia, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, Chile Central, Chile North, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, Free State, Galápagos, Georgia, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf States, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iran, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Libya, Louisiana, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Marianas, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Guinea, New Mexico, New South Wales, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oklahoma, Oman, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Samoa, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Solomon Is., Somalia, South Carolina, South China Sea, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Swaziland, Tanzania, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey-in-Europe, Turks-Caicos Is., Uganda, Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Canary Is., Cocos (Keeling) Is., East Aegean Is., France, Great Britain, Hawaii, Mauritius, New Caledonia, Portugal, Sardegna, South Australia, St.Helena, Victoria

English
Daisy lawn, Fog grass

Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Meikle, R.D. [1361], Nigeria 11719.000
Bourgeau, E. [1641], Spain K000215598
Reverchon, E. [440], Spain K000215599
Ward, C.J. [44], Angola K001009799
Welwitsch [5638], Angola K001009806
Pearson, H.H.W. [2177], Angola K001009807
Baum, H. [582], Angola K001009800
Pearson, H.H.W. [2177], Angola K001009808
Gossweiler, J. [s.n.], Angola K001009802
Tackholm, V. [8977], Jordan K000318313
Menezes, A. [3794], Angola K001009804
Curror [s.n.], Angola K001009803
Welwitsch [5694], Angola K001009805
Gossweiler, J. [s.n.], Angola K001009801
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1824] Zappania nodiflora K001114305
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1824] Zappania nodiflora K001114307
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1824] Zappania nodiflora K001114306
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 1824], India Zappania nodiflora K001114304
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1824] Zappania nodiflora K001114308
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1824], India Zappania nodiflora K001114310
s.coll. [Cat. no. 1824] Zappania nodiflora K001114309
Mar 1, 2013 Glaziou, A.F.M. [13065], Brazil Lippia nodiflora K000925067
Sellow [s.n.], Brazil Lippia nodiflora K000925066
Ribas, O.S. [1846], Brazil Lippia nodiflora K000925069
Sello [2420], Brazil Lippia nodiflora K000925070
Hatschbach, G.G. [50069], Brazil Lippia nodiflora K000925065
Sellow, F. [1451], Brazil Lippia nodiflora K000925068
Glaziou, A.F.M. [13066], Brazil Lippia nodiflora K000925064

First published in Pittonia 4: 46 (1899)

Accepted by

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  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
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  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Cirilo, N. & Proctor, G.R. (1994). Vascular plants of the Caribbean Swan islands of Honduras Brenesia 41-42: 73-80.
  • Cossu, T.A, Camarda, I. & Brundu, G. (2014). A catalogue of non-native weeds in irrigated crops in Sardinia (Italy) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 69: 145-156.
  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Mesoamericana 4(2): 1-533. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Fernandes, R. & Diniz, M.A. (2005). Avicenniaceae, Nesogenaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae (subfams, Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7): 1-161. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Fernandes, R.B. (2006). Contribução para o conhecimento das Avicenniaceae e Verbenaceae da Flora de Angola Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17(2): 5-68.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Friedmann, F. (1994). Flore des Seychelles Dicotylédones: 1-663. ORSTOM éditions.
  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Leti, M., Hul, S., Fouché, J.-G., Cheng, S.K. & David, B. (2013). Flore photographique du Cambodge: 1-589. Éditions Privat, Toulouse.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • O'Leary, N. & Múlgura, M.E. (2011). A taxonomic revision of the genus Phyla (Verbenaceae) Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 98: 578-596.
  • Pandey, R.P. (2009). Floristic diversity of Ferrargunj forest area in South Andaman Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 747-768.
  • Raffaelli, M., Mosti, S. & Tardelli, M. (2006). Boswellia sacra Flueck. (Burseraceae) in the Hasik area (Eastern Dhofar, Oman) and a list of surrounding flora Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 61: 245-251.
  • Shaheen, H., Qureshi, R., Akram, A., Gulfraz, M. & Potter, D. (2014). A preliminary floristic checklist of Thal desert Punjab, Pakistan Pakistan Journal of Botany 46: 13-18.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, H. (2007). Illustrated Flora of Lebanon: 1-609. CNRS Publication.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
  • Vladimirov, V. & Kit Tan (2016). New floristic records in the Balkans: 31 Phytologia Balcanica 22: 429-467.
  • Vladimirov, V., Dane, F. & Kit Tan (2015). New floristic records in the Balkans: 26 Phytologia Balcanica 21: 53-91.
  • Webb, C.J., Sykes, W.R & Garnock-Jones, P.J. (1988). Flora of New Zealand 4: 1-1365. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora of West Tropical Africa

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Flora Zambesiaca

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Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Ananda Rao, T. & Ellis, J.L. (1995). Flora of Lakshadweep islands off the Malabar coast, peninsular India, with emphasis on phytogeographical distribution of plants Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 19: 235-250.
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  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Cirilo, N. & Proctor, G.R. (1994). Vascular plants of the Caribbean Swan islands of Honduras Brenesia 41-42: 73-80.
  • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.
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  • Danin, A. & Fragman- Sapir, O. (2019). Flora of Israel Online http://flora.org.il/en/plants/.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Fernandes, R. & Diniz, M.A. (2005). Avicenniaceae, Nesogenaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae (subfams, Viticoideae and Ajugoideae) Flora Zambesiaca 8(7): 1-161. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
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  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Lambdon, P. (2012). Flowering plants & ferns of St Helena: 1-624. Pisces publications for St Helena nature conservation group.
  • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Leti, M., Hul, S., Fouché, J.-G., Cheng, S.K. & David, B. (2013). Flore photographique du Cambodge: 1-589. Éditions Privat, Toulouse.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • O'Leary, N. & Múlgura, M.E. (2011). A taxonomic revision of the genus Phyla (Verbenaceae) Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 98: 578-596.
  • Pandey, R.P. (2009). Floristic diversity of Ferrargunj forest area in South Andaman Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 747-768.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
  • Raffaelli, M., Mosti, S. & Tardelli, M. (2006). Boswellia sacra Flueck. (Burseraceae) in the Hasik area (Eastern Dhofar, Oman) and a list of surrounding flora Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 61: 245-251.
  • Shaheen, H., Qureshi, R., Akram, A., Gulfraz, M. & Potter, D. (2014). A preliminary floristic checklist of Thal desert Punjab, Pakistan Pakistan Journal of Botany 46: 13-18.
  • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
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Flora of Somalia

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Flora of Tropical East Africa

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Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
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