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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar, Mexico to Tropical America.

[FTEA]

Annonaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs or subshrubs, with simple or stellate hairs or glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers usually hermaphrodite, solitary, fasciculate or in few-flowered cymes, terminal, leaf-opposed or extra-axillary, pedicellate; buds globose, ovoid or elongate, 3-angled; bracteoles 0–2, persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 3, valvate, free, smaller than the petals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals usually 6 in 1–2 whorls, both valvate or the inner one imbricate, subequal or the inner ones reduced or absent, free or united at the base, thick and coriaceous, mostly suberect or connivent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens numerous, linear or linear-clavate; filaments short; anther-cells sometimes unequal, extrorse; connective-prolongation obliquely capitate, dilated or ± apiculate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels numerous, ± united, cylindrical, with 1 erect basal ovule; styles clavate; stigmas muricate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit pedicellate, syncarpous, fleshy, indehiscent, ovoid-globose or cylindrical
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, irregularly arranged; aril terminal, compressed, annular or grooved and ridged so as to appear fibrillated.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs or subshrubs, with simple or stellate hairs or glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers usually bisexual
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals valvate, free, shorter than petals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals usually 6 in 1–2 whorls, valvate or those of inner whorl imbricate, subequal or outer ones larger
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens numerous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels numerous, ± united, cylindrical, with 1 erect basal ovule; styles clavate; stigmas muricate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit syncarpous, fleshy, indehiscent, ovoid-globose or cylindrical.
Distribution
Genus of over 160 species mostly in tropical America, a few in tropical Africa (none native in Somalia)
Note
Apart from the two species included, A. cherimola Mill. (“Cherimoya”) with leaves velvety beneath, and A. reticulata L. (“Bullock's Heart”) with reticulate, ± smooth fruits, may also well be cultivated in Somalia, but no records are available.

[FZ]

Annonaceae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Trees, shrubs or shrublets, not climbing, glabrous or with simple or stellate hairs.
Morphology General Buds
Buds globose to conic or triquetrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers usually bisexual, solitary or in few-flowered cymes or fascicles, terminal or extra-axillary or sometimes on the old wood, pedicellate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles 0–2, persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 3, valvate, much shorter than the petals, free.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 6, free or connate at the base, in two equal or ± unequal whorls, or the inner whorl sometimes absent, both valvate or the inner whorl imbricate, thick, coriaceous, connivent or suberect, concave at the base or throughout.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens ?, linear or linear-clavate, with thecae extrorse and often unequal at the base, and connective-prolongation obliquely capitate or apiculate, sometimes ± papillose; filaments short.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels numerous, free at first or united from the beginning, ± cylindric, with a single basal ovule; style clavate; stigma muricate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a fleshy syncarp, ovoid-globose to cylindric, many-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds irregularly arranged in the syncarp; aril carunculoid.

[FSOM]
Use
Several species widely cultivated for their edible fruits.

Native to:

Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bahamas, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chad, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Southwest Caribbean, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Andaman Is., Aruba, Assam, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Cambodia, Caroline Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cook Is., East Himalaya, Eritrea, Fiji, Galápagos, Hainan, India, Kermadec Is., Laccadive Is., Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Maldives, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritania, Mauritius, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, Nicobar Is., Niue, Northern Territory, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Santa Cruz Is., Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Society Is., Solomon Is., Spain, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Vanuatu, Vietnam, Yemen

Annona L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Milne-Redhead, E. [9117], Tanzania 15034.000
Philcox, D. [4238], Brazil 34493.000
Harley, R.M. [26986], Brazil 54731.000
Harley, R.M. [27017], Brazil 55713.000
Maitland, T.D. [0s.n.15], Cameroon K000105598

First published in Sp. Pl.: 537 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"
  • WCVP (2021). World Checklist of Vascular Plants, version 2.0. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://wcvp.science.kew.org/ Retrieved 28 April 2021

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Robyns & Ghesq. Essai de Révision des Espéces africaines du Genre Annona L. (1934).
  • —F.T.A. 1: 14

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 241 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 536 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 241 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 536 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/