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  1. Family: Annonaceae Juss.
    1. Annona L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar, Mexico to Tropical America.


    Annonaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Trees, shrubs or subshrubs, with simple or stellate hairs or glabrous
    Flowers usually hermaphrodite, solitary, fasciculate or in few-flowered cymes, terminal, leaf-opposed or extra-axillary, pedicellate; buds globose, ovoid or elongate, 3-angled; bracteoles 0–2, persistent
    Sepals 3, valvate, free, smaller than the petals
    Petals usually 6 in 1–2 whorls, both valvate or the inner one imbricate, subequal or the inner ones reduced or absent, free or united at the base, thick and coriaceous, mostly suberect or connivent
    Stamens numerous, linear or linear-clavate; filaments short; anther-cells sometimes unequal, extrorse; connective-prolongation obliquely capitate, dilated or ± apiculate
    Carpels numerous, ± united, cylindrical, with 1 erect basal ovule; styles clavate; stigmas muricate
    Fruit pedicellate, syncarpous, fleshy, indehiscent, ovoid-globose or cylindrical
    Seeds numerous, irregularly arranged; aril terminal, compressed, annular or grooved and ridged so as to appear fibrillated.

    Annonaceae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Trees, shrubs or shrublets, not climbing, glabrous or with simple or stellate hairs.
    Buds globose to conic or triquetrous.
    Flowers usually bisexual, solitary or in few-flowered cymes or fascicles, terminal or extra-axillary or sometimes on the old wood, pedicellate.
    Bracteoles 0–2, persistent.
    Sepals 3, valvate, much shorter than the petals, free.
    Petals 6, free or connate at the base, in two equal or ± unequal whorls, or the inner whorl sometimes absent, both valvate or the inner whorl imbricate, thick, coriaceous, connivent or suberect, concave at the base or throughout.
    Stamens ?, linear or linear-clavate, with thecae extrorse and often unequal at the base, and connective-prolongation obliquely capitate or apiculate, sometimes ± papillose; filaments short.
    Carpels numerous, free at first or united from the beginning, ± cylindric, with a single basal ovule; style clavate; stigma muricate.
    Fruit a fleshy syncarp, ovoid-globose to cylindric, many-seeded.
    Seeds irregularly arranged in the syncarp; aril carunculoid.



    Native to:

    Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bahamas, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Caprivi Strip, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, Central American Pac, Chad, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Southwest Caribbean, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Aruba, Assam, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Cambodia, Christmas I., Cook Is., East Himalaya, Eritrea, Fiji, Galápagos, India, Kermadec Is., Laccadive Is., Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Maldives, Marquesas, Mauritania, Mauritius, Nauru, New Caledonia, Nicobar Is., Niue, Northern Territory, Queensland, Rodrigues, Réunion, Santa Cruz Is., Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Society Is., Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Vanuatu, Vietnam, Yemen

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Annona L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [9117], Tanzania 15034.000
    Harley, R.M. [26986], Brazil 54731.000
    Harley, R.M. [27017], Brazil 55713.000
    Philcox, D. [4238], Brazil 34493.000
    Maitland, T.D. [0s.n.15], Cameroon K000105598


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 537 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.


    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Robyns & Ghesq. Essai de Révision des Espéces africaines du Genre Annona L. (1934).
    • —F.T.A. 1: 14

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 241 (1754).
    • Sp. Pl. 1: 536 (1753)

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 241 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 536 (1753)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Science Photographs
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