1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Livistona R.Br.
      1. Livistona endauensis J.Dransf. & K.M.Wong

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Peninsula Malaysia.

    [PW]
    Distribution
    Malaysia. In Johore at Ulu Endau, on Gunung Janing, Gunung Janing Barat and Bukit Peta, and the eastern hills of Trengganu at Bukit Bauk
    Habitat
    In rainforest at 90-660 m alt. Flowers all year; fruits all year.
    Conservation
    Lower risk, near threatened.
    General Description
    Hermaphroditic palm. Trunk to 15 m tall, 12-20 cm dbh, leaf scars obscure, internodes narrow, pale grey brown, petiole stubs at first persistent at the base only, but deciduous with age, vertical fissures shallow. Leaves ca 75 in a globose to conical crown; petiole ca 175 cm long, arching, orange to reddish-brown, ca 15 mm wide by 12 mm wide, triangular in cross-section, adaxially concave, covered in thin, caducous, grey-brown indumentum, margins unarmed in the distal half, armed in the proximal half with single retrorsely recurved black spines, regularly spaced, 10- 14 mm long, 6-15 mm apart, distally becoming more widely separated; leaf-base fibres prominent, coarse, disintegrating; distally the fibres form a triangular, chocolate-brown appendage to 35 cm long, to 10 cm wide; lamina costapalmate, regularly segmented, circular to subcircular in outline, ca 100 cm long, slightly undulate, adaxially bright green, abaxially lighter green, glabrous on both surfaces; lamina divided for ca 61% of its length, with 60-70 segments, depth of apical cleft ca 8% of the segment length, apical lobes rigid to occasionally pendulous through damage or age; midleaf segments ca 3 cm wide where the segments diverge; outer segments ca 0.8 cm wide where the segments diverge; parallel veins 4-5 each side of mid rib; transverse veins thinner than parallel veins; hastula conspicuous, ca 10 mm high, triangular, crescent shaped. Inflorescences unbranched at the base, to 150 cm long, not extending beyond the limit of the crown, arching, branched to 3 orders; partial inflorescences ca 8; peduncle ca 60 cm long, laterally compressed at the base, 3 cm wide by 0.5 cm thick, ca 2.5 cm wide distally by 1.0 cm thick; prophyll tubular, 30 cm long by 2.5 cm thick, dark brown, glabrous except for scattered caducous rust coloured indumentum; peduncular bract(s) lacking; rachis bracts tubular, glabrous; partial inflorescences to ca 35 cm long; rachillae 6-10 cm long, ca 0.25 cm diameter, rigid, yellow, pubescent. Flowers solitary or in clusters of 2-3, sessile, globular, ca 1 mm high, 1.5 mm wide, golden yellow; calyx basally tubular, ca 0.3 mm high, glabrous, 3-lobed, lobes triangular to 0.4 mm long by 1 mm wide; petals broadly triangular, to 1 mm long by 0.8 mm wide, glabrous, abaxially rugulate, adaxially striate; stamens basally fused to form a tube ca 0.4 mm high; filaments very short, free; anthers ca 0.1 mm diam.; carpels ca 0.6 mm high, style to ca 0.2 mm high, stigma punctiform. Fruit obovoid to pyriform, ca 16 mm long, 14 mm wide, bluish green; epicarp smooth, wrinkled on drying; mesocarp ca 2 mm wide; endocarp crustaceous ca 1 mm wide; pedicel 1-2 mm long. Seed globose, ca 1 cm diam., intruded shallowly by the testa. Eophyll 5-ribbed.

    Images

    Distribution

    Livistona endauensis J.Dransf. & K.M.Wong appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 30, 2003 Dransfield, J. [JD5184], Malaysia K000209620
    Jun 30, 2003 Saw Leng Guan [FRI34174], Malaysia K000209622
    Mar 30, 2003 Meijer [KEP94940], Malaysia K000209617
    Jun 4, 1999 Dransfield, J. [915], Malaysia K000209912
    Jun 4, 1999 Dransfield, J. [915], Malaysia K000209913
    Oct 6, 1997 Kamarudin, S. [FRI31445], Malaysia K000209618
    Aug 19, 1987 Kiew, R. [RK1912], Malaysia K000209621
    Dransfield, J. [JD5089], Peninsular Malaysia K000207519 holotype
    Wong, K.M., Malaysia 62007.000
    Wong, K.M. [s.n.], Malaya 64797.000
    Wong, K.M. [FRI32461], Malaysia K000209619
    Wong, K.M. [FRI32280], Malaysia K000209623
    Jefferson, D., Malaysia 64049.000
    Saw, L.G. [FRI 37311], Malaysia 64138.000

    First published in Malayan Nat. J. 41: 121 (1987)

    Accepted by

    • Dowe, J.L. (2009). A taxonomic account of Livistona R.Br. (Arecaceae) Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 60: 185-344.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • Dowe, J.L., A taxonomic account of Livistona R.Br. (Arecaceae)

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0