1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca staroplaninica Velchev

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Bulgaria.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths persistent and investing base of culm; with compacted dead sheaths. Basal innovations intravaginal. Culms erect; 40-80 cm long. Culm-internodes smooth. Leaf-sheaths open for most of their length; with 0.25 of their length closed; glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath auricles erect. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades filiform; conduplicate; 0.5-0.9 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation comprising 7-11 vascular bundles; with 5-7 inner ridges; with sclerenchyma strands below veins; with 5-7 subepidermal sclerenchyma strands; with subepidermal sclerenchyma free from veins; without layer of subepidermal sclerenchyma masking vein striation.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Peduncle smooth, or scaberulous above. Panicle open; oblong; 5-14 cm long; contracted about primary branches. Panicle axis scaberulous. Panicle branches scaberulous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 7.5-14 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 7.5-14 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; chartaceous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 4.1-5.7 mm long; 0.8-0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; with hyaline margins; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scabrous. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 4.2-7 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 2.7-4.5 mm long overall; 0.5 length of lemma. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Vegetative Multiplication
    Vegetative proliferation absent, or occurs.
    Distribution
    Europe: southeastern.
    Reference
    Poeae. Velcher 2005.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bulgaria

    Festuca staroplaninica Velchev appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Phytol. Balcan. 8: 5 (2002)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0