1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Anthoxanthum L.
      1. Anthoxanthum pallidum (Hand.-Mazz.) Tzvelev

        This species is accepted, and its native range is China (Sichuan, NE. Yunnan).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms geniculately ascending; 7-16 cm long. Culm-nodes bearded. Lateral branches lacking. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades convolute; 2-5 cm long; 1-2 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; linear; 2.5-4 cm long; 0.4-0.5 cm wide. Primary panicle branches 1-2 -nate; 0.5-1 cm long; bearing 1-5 fertile spikelets on each lower branch. Panicle branches pilose. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets obovate; laterally compressed; 3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets obovate; laterally compressed; 3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; shiny. Lower glume ovate; 1.5 mm long; 0.5-0.6 length of upper glume; membranous; pallid; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface pubescent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 3 mm long; 2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; pallid; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets dissimilar; barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret linear; membranous; light brown; without keels; scaberulous; puberulous; dentate; 2 -fid. Lemma of upper sterile floret linear; membranous; scabrous; pubescent; dentate; 2 -fid; awned. Awn of upper sterile floret dorsal; 1 mm long. Fertile lemma ovate; 1.5 mm long; cartilaginous; dark brown; shiny; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea oblong; 1 length of lemma; 1 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 2; 3 mm long. Stigmas 2; protogynous; pubescent.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Hand-Mazz 2001.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China South-Central

    Anthoxanthum pallidum (Hand.-Mazz.) Tzvelev appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Rast. Centr. Azii, Mater. Bot. Inst. Komarov 4: 35 (1968)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0