1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca tovarensis Stancík & P.M.Peterson

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Peru (Huancavelica).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; culms solitary, or caespitose; clumped loosely. Cataphylls inconspicuous. Rhizomes short; fleshy; not obviously scaly. Butt sheaths papery, or herbaceous. Basal innovations extravaginal, or intravaginal. Culms erect; of moderate stature; straight, or curved; 80-110 cm long; 6-12 -noded; without nodal roots. Culm-internodes terete; distally glabrous. Culm-nodes without exudate; glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves basal and cauline; 3-5 per branch. Leaf-sheaths tight; unthickened at base; open for most of their length; without keel; striately veined; pubescent. Leaf-sheath auricles absent. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 2-3 mm long; membranous; translucent, or white; lacerate; acuminate. Leaf-blade base symmetrical. Leaf-blades straight, or flexuous; linear in section; 12-15 cm long; 3-9 mm wide; flaccid; mid-green, or dark green. Leaf-blade midrib evident. Leaf-blade venation distinct; with subepidermal sclerenchyma strands similar in size; with subepidermal sclerenchyma attached to veins above and below; without layer of subepidermal sclerenchyma masking vein striation. Leaf-blade surface ribbed; grooved abaxially; scabrous; rough abaxially; glabrous. Leaf-blade margins scabrous; glabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; with 1 peduncles per sheath. Peduncle straight, or flexuous; terete; eglandular; glabrous. Panicle open; lanceolate; continuous; loose; secund; straight; 20-25 cm long; 5-10 cm wide. Primary panicle branches ascending, or spreading; moderately divided; bearing spikelets almost to the base. Panicle axis scabrous. Panicle branches straight, or arcuate. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 7.5-9.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Spikelet callus glabrous. Rhachilla internodes 1.2-1.4 mm long; scaberulous; pubescent. Floret callus glabrous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 7.5-9.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Spikelet callus glabrous. Rhachilla internodes 1.2-1.4 mm long; scaberulous; pubescent. Floret callus glabrous.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; subequal in width; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 1.5-1.8 mm long; 0.5-0.6 length of upper glume; membranous, or chartaceous; pallid, or light green, or purple; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface scabrous. Lower glume apex acute, or acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 4-6 mm long; 0.6-0.7 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; mid-green; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins obscure. Upper glume surface scabrous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; symmetrical; 7-8.5 mm long; membranous, or chartaceous; pallid, or mid-green, or purple; without keel; 3-5 -veined. Lemma surface scabrous; rough above. Lemma apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn filiform; 3-4(-5) mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels scaberulous. Palea apex dentate; 2 -fid. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; oblong; membranous; 2-toothed. Anthers 3; 1.5-2 mm long. Ovary with a few apical hairs.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; lanceolate; hairy at apex. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America.
    Reference
    Poeae. Stancik 2005.

    Distribution

    Festuca tovarensis Stancík & P.M.Peterson appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sida 20: 24 (2002)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0