1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca sikkimensis E.B.Alexeev

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Himalaya.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped densely. Basal innovations intravaginal. Culms erect; robust; 15-30 cm long. Culm-internodes distally glabrous. Leaf-sheaths open for most of their length; with 0.33 of their length closed; glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades filiform; conduplicate; elliptic in section; 7-15 cm long; 0.5-0.6 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation comprising 5 vascular bundles; with 3 inner ridges; with 3 subepidermal sclerenchyma strands. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; lanceolate; dense; 3-6 cm long. Panicle branches scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 7-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 7-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.7-0.8 length of upper glume; chartaceous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 4.4-4.6 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma apex acuminate; muticous. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels scaberulous. Palea apex entire. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1.2-1.45 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Poeae. Alexeev 1996.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    East Himalaya

    Festuca sikkimensis E.B.Alexeev appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Byull. Moskovsk. Obshch. Isp. Prir., Otd. Biol., n.s., 83(5): 97 (1978)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0