1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Cynara L.
      1. Cynara cardunculus L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Medit.

    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    It is a perennial herb to 2 m high with leaves to 80 cm long and 40 cm wide
    Inflorescences
    Large capitula (6–8 cm) with purple florets
    Distribution
    originating from the Mediterranean area. It has been reported from K4 (Muguga) andT3 (Lushoto).
    [FTEA]
    Use
    The fleshy phyllaries are eaten.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Baleares, Canary Is., France, Italy, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Portugal, Sicilia, Spain, Tunisia, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, California, Colombia, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., Ecuador, Ethiopia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Ireland, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Mauritius, Myanmar, Netherlands, Palestine, Romania, Réunion, Sardegna, South European Russi, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Uruguay, Vietnam

    Cynara cardunculus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sprague, T.A. [500], Canary Is. K001091192
    Sprague, T.A. [500], Canary Is. K001091193
    Andrews, S. [475], Canary Is. K001091188
    Bourgeau, E. [461], Canary Is. K001091191
    Rogers, F.A. [27450], Canary Is. K001091195
    Bonnet, E. [s.n.], Canary Is. K001091194
    Garland, G.R. [33], Canary Is. K001091190
    Andrews, R.J. [9], Canary Is. K001091189

    First published in Sp. Pl. 2: 827 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • GCC in GCC (2011). Global Compositae Checklist Global Compositae Checklist http://compositae.landcareresearch.co.nz/.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee in Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2006). Asteraceae, part 1 Flora of North America North of Mexico 19: 1-579. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • von Raab-Straube, E. (ed.) (2011). Compositae. Euro+Med Plantbase The Euro+Med PlantBase - the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity http://ww2.bgbm.org/EuroPlusMed/query.asp.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0