1. Family: Iridaceae Juss.
    1. Crocosmia Planch.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Sudan to S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Iridaceae, Peter Goldblatt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Perennials with large persistent corms with fibrous tunics
    Leaves
    Leaves several, the lower 2-3 sheathing the base (cataphylls); foliage leaves plane or plicate, mostly basal, the cauline much reduced
    Stem
    Stem terete, usually branched
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a spike, usually inclined or horizontal; bracts coriaceous, fairly short, the inner ± as long as the outer
    Flowers
    Flowers shades of orange to reddish, actinomorphic to strongly zygomorphic with stamens then arched under the upper tepal, this sometimes much larger than the others; tube cylindric, funnel-shaped or dimorphic curved
    Style
    Style exserted, the branches filiform or apically broadened, entire or notched apically
    Fruits
    Capsules globose to depressed and 3-lobed, ± coriaceous
    Seeds
    Seeds globose, smooth or lightly wrinkled, few per locule.
    [FZ]

    Iridaceae, P. Goldblatt. Flora Zambesiaca 12:4. 1993

    Habit
    Perennial herbs with large corms, aerial parts dying back annually; corms with fibrous tunics.
    Leaves
    Leaves several, the lower 2–3 sheathing the stem base (cataphylls); foliage leaves plane or plicate, mostly basal, cauline leaves much reduced.
    Stem
    Stem terete, usually branched.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a spike, usually inclined or horizontal; floral bracts coriaceous, fairly short, the inner about as long as the outer.
    Flowers
    Flower colours in shades of orange to reddish, actinomorphic to strongly zygomorphic with stamens arched under the upper tepal, this sometimes much larger than the others, perianth tube cylindric, funnel-shaped or curved with a narrow cylindrical lower portion and a broad cylindrical upper portion.
    Style
    Style exserted, the branches filiform or apically broadened, entire or notched at the apex.
    Fruits
    Capsules globose to depressed and 3-lobed, more or less coriaceous; seeds globose, hard and shiny, few per locule.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Bolivia, Burundi, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Assam, Austria, Azores, Colombia, Czechoslovakia, Dominican Republic, Fiji, France, Great Britain, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Ireland, Jamaica, Japan, Korea, Madeira, Mexico Central, Mexico Southwest, Norfolk Is., Portugal, Puerto Rico, Rwanda, Spain, Tristan da Cunha, Venezuela

    Crocosmia Planch. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Coode, M. [3961], Mauritius 33634.000

    First published in Fl. Serres Jard. Eur. 7: 161 (1851)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • de Vos in J. S. African Bot. 50: 463–502 (1984).
    • in Fl. Serres Jard. Eur. 7: 161 cum tab. (1851).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • M.P. de Vos in Journ. S. Afr. Bot. 50: 463-502 (1984)
    • in Fl. Serres Jard. Europe 7: 161 (1851)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0