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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.
Emilia coccinea (Sims) G.Don

[FTEA]

Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, 15–120 cm high, erect; stems pubescent or glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves ± subsucculent, often glaucous, sometimes purplish beneath and on margins, spatulate, obovate or elliptic, the upper also ovate or oblong, 1.2–19.5 cm long, 0.4–6 cm wide, cuneate or attenuate into a winged exauriculate petioloid base in lower leaves, upper leaves also cordate, hastate or sagittate and semi-amplexicaul, margins remotely sinuate-dentate or subentire, apex rounded to obtuse, rarely acute, apiculate, varyingly pubescent beneath at least on midrib, glabrescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula in terminal corymbs of 1–6, first sub-umbelliform, later lax, discoid; capitulum stalk glabrous or with a few hairs; involucre broadly cylindrical, 4.5–9.5 mm long, 2–5 mm in diameter; phyllaries light green, 8–21, 4–9 mm long, glabrous to densely setiferous or hirsute at least towards the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Disc florets bright orange, less often orange-red, on the coast occasionally with a tinge of yellow, corolla 5.3–9.5 mm long, lobes 1–2.2 mm long, glabrous or shortly hairy in upper part.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes 2–4.7 mm long, shortly hairy at least in upper part; pappus 3–6 mm long.
Figures
Fig. 122 (page 584).
Habitat
Grassland, bushed grassland; one of the commonest weeds of cultivation on the coast and to a lesser degree elsewhere; 0–1800(–2400) m
Distribution
K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 350 - 3000 m.; Andes, Orinoquia, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
borlita, borlitas, carrillo, diente de león rojo, lechuguilla, pincel, pincel de amor, yerba socialista

[FWTA]

Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A straggling glaucous sparingly pubescent herb with weak stems up to about 3 ft. long
Morphology Leaves
Leaves often purple beneath
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets deep yellow in long-stalked heads about 1/2 in. long
Ecology
A weed along roadsides and in clearings in forest country.

[FTEA]

Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb 4–90 cm high; stem erect, sparsely pubescent at least towards the base, or glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves subsucculent, light green, sometimes purplish beneath or near margins, sessile, the lower circular, spatulate or obovate, upper obovate, elliptic to linear-lanceolate, 0.8–15 cm long, 0.4–4 cm wide, base cuneate or attenuate, in upper semi-amplexicaul, margins remotely sinuate-denticulate to -serrate, obtuse to acute, sparsely pubescent or glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula discoid, 2–4 in terminal subumbelliform to lax corymbs; involucre broadly cylindrical, 4–8 mm long, 2.5–3 mm in diameter; phyllaries 8–13, 4–8 mm long, sparsely pubescent or glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Disc florets bright orange, occasionally red, 5.5–12.5 mm long, shortly hairy; lobes 1.5–2.8 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes 2.2–4 mm long, glabrous or rarely short-hairy; pappus 3.5–7 mm long.
Habitat
Grassland, abandoned cultivations, woodland; may be locally common; 300–1900 m
Distribution
T1 T5 T6 T7 U2

[KBu]

Tadesse, M., & Beentje, H. (2004). A Synopsis and New Species of Emilia (Compositae-Senecioneae) in Northeast Tropical Africa. Kew Bulletin, 59(3), 469-482. doi:10.2307/4110954

Conservation
Least concern (LC).
Distribution
Congo (Kinshasa), Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda, Tanzania, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe.
Ecology
Acacia seyal woodland, cultivated fields, sandy river banks; alt. 450 - 900 m.
Morphology General Habit
Erect annual herb, 20 - 50 cm high
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, oblong-narrowly ovate to narrowly ovate, (3 -)5 - 11 x (0.5 -)1 - 4 cm, glabrous or glabrescent (hairs mostly on petioles and young leaves), base round- auriculate, margins denticulate-serrate, cauline leaves sparse, linear-narrowly ovate, much narrowed from the middle to the apex, 6- 10 x 1 - 1.5 cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Florets bright orange, 30 - 50; corolla 5 - 7 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achenes black with whitish ribs, 3.5 - 4 x 0.7 - 1 mm, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Phyllaries
Phyllaries c. 12, green, sparsely to densely pilose, 6 - 6.5 x c. 1 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Capitulum
Capitula 2 - 4 in open corymbose cymes, discoid, campanulate, 7- 8 x 4 - 5 mm at anthesis
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncle 1.5 - 7.5 cm long, bracteate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds Pappus
Pappus 4- 5 mm long.
Type
Tanzania, Karagwe, Grant 464 (K, holotype).

Native to:

Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Bahamas, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Fiji, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Hawaii, Honduras, Jamaica, Kazan-retto, Leeward Is., Madeira, Marianas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Panamá, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Society Is., Suriname, Taiwan, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Emilia coccinea (Sims) G.Don appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2009 Kindeketa, W. [2503], Tanzania K000614953
Jul 1, 2007 Tchiengue, B. [2634], Cameroon K000518604
Jul 1, 2005 Etuge, M. [5267], Cameroon K000199827
Jan 1, 2004 Pollard, B.J. [433], Cameroon K000746671
Jul 1, 2001 Cable, S. [2762], Cameroon K000108651
Jul 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1541], Cameroon K000108654
Jul 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [4089], Cameroon K000108657
Jul 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [9021], Cameroon K000108656
Jul 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [7074], Cameroon K000108655
Jul 1, 2001 Ryan, P. [377], Cameroon K000108652
Jul 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [2070], Cameroon K000108653
Hepper, F.N. [1572], Cameroon 24880.000
Verdcourt, B. [10], Tanzania 4751.000
Keay, R.W.J. [25507], Nigeria 8660.000
Hepper, F.N. [1542], Cameroon 956.000
Wild, H. [30487], Zimbabwe 957.000
Etuge, M. [375], Cameroon K000662177
Jan 1, 2001 Speke [464] Emilia caespitosa K000306777 Unknown type material
Lebrun, J. [9790], Congo, DRC Emilia caespitosa K000306792 Unknown type material
Lebrun, J. [8550], Congo, DRC Emilia caespitosa K000306793 Unknown type material
Lebrun, J. [8550], Congo, DRC Emilia caespitosa K000306794 Unknown type material
Macaulay [659], Zambia Emilia caespitosa K000306805 Unknown type material
Mwangoka, M.A. [3197], Tanzania Emilia caespitosa K000612932
Rwaburindore, P.K. [4082], Uganda Emilia caespitosa K000612961

First published in R.Sweet, Hort. Brit., ed. 3: 382 (1839)

Not accepted by

  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. [Cited as Emilia fosbergii.]

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • in Sweet Hort. Brit., ed. 3, 382 (1839).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Pruski, J.F. (ed.) (2018). Flora Mesoamericana 5(2): 1-608. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 224, t. 94 (1994).
  • Blundell, Wild Flow. E. Afr.: fig. 424 (1987).
  • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bulletin 41: 913 (1986).
  • C. Jeffrey in Kew Bulletin 52: 209 (1997).
  • C. Jeffrey, Fl. Masc. 109: 160 (1993)
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 28 (1956).
  • G.Don in Sw., Hort. Bot. ed. 3: 382 (1839).
  • Oliv. & Hiern, Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 407 (1877).

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Universidad Nacional de Colombia
ColPlantA database
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0