1. Family: Iridaceae Juss.
    1. Ferraria Burm. ex Mill.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is S. DR Congo to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Iridaceae, P. Goldblatt. Flora Zambesiaca 12:4. 1993

    Habit
    Perennial herbs with depressed-globose corms, aerial parts dying hack annually; corm tunics evanescent (lacking in herbarium collections).
    Leaves
    Leaves several to many, the lower 2–3 entirely stem-sheathing and membranous (cataphylls); foliage leaves (sometimes lacking at anthesis) equitant, lanceolate to linear, 1-several, with or without a midrib.
    Stem
    Stems branched or simple, terete, sometimes sticky below the nodes.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of several flower clusters (rhipidia); rhipidia terminal on the main and lateral axes, several-flowered; spathes herbaceous, the inner exceeding the outer.
    Flowers
    Flowers actinomorphic, often dull-coloured and speckled, usually unpleasantly scented.
    Tepal
    Tepals free, the outer 3 larger than the inner, unguiculate, the limbs usually with crisped margins.
    Stamens
    Filaments united into a column in the lower part, free and diverging above, anthers appressed to the style branches, the thecae parallel or divergent.
    Pistil
    Ovary included or excluded, style slender, concealed by the filament column, dividing into 3 flattened branches, these finely fringed above, the stigma lobe abaxial, at the base of the fringe.
    Fruits
    Capsules oblong-obovoid, sometimes rostrate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Malawi, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Baleares, Canary Is., Madeira, Norfolk Is., Portugal, South Australia, Spain, Victoria, Western Australia

    Ferraria Burm. ex Mill. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Fig. Pl. Gard. Dict. 2: 187 (1759)

    Accepted by

    • Goldblatt, P. & Manning, J.C. (2011). Systematica and biology of the African genus Ferraria (Iridaceae: Irideae) Bothalia 41: 1-40.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Cooke, D.A. (1986). Flora of Australia 46: i-xii, 1-247. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Innes, C. (1985). The World of Iridaceae: 1-407. Holly Gare International Ltd., Ashington.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • de Vos in J. S. African Bot. 45: 327–375 (1979).
    • Fig, Pl. Card. Diet.: 187, Pl. CCLXXX (1759).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0