1. Family: Iridaceae Juss.
    1. Lapeirousia Pourr.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Nigeria to Eritrea and S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Iridaceae, P. Goldblatt. Flora Zambesiaca 12:4. 1993

    Habit
    Perennial herbs with bell-shaped flat-based corms, aerial parts dying back annually; corm tunics of densely compacted fibres or woody.
    Leaves
    Leaves several, the lower 2–3 membranous and sheathing the stem base (cataphylls); the foliage leaves few or sometimes solitary, plane, or shallowly plicate-corrugate, or terete, the lowermost longest and inserted on the stem near ground level, the upper leaves cauline and progressively smaller.
    Stem
    Stem somewhat compressed and angular, sometimes entirely subterranean.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence panicle-like, or a simple to branched spike, or flowers clustered at ground level; bracts green to membranous, the outer sometimes ridged, keeled, crisped or toothed.
    Flowers
    Flowers blue, purple, red, white or pink, actinomorphic or zygomorphic; tepals connate into a short to long perianth tube; tepal lobes subequal or unequal.
    Stamens
    Stamens symmetrically disposed around the style or unilateral and arcuate.
    Style
    Style filiform; style branches usually forked for up to half of their length, sometimes entire or barely bifid.
    Fruits
    Capsules membranous to coriaceous, more or less globose.
    Seeds
    Seeds more or less globose.
    [FTEA]

    Iridaceae, Peter Goldblatt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Perennials with bell-shaped flat-based corms with densely compacted fibrous or woody tunics
    Leaves
    Leaves several, the lower 2-3 membranous and sheathing the base (cataphylls); foliage leaves few, sometimes solitary, the lowermost longest and inserted on the stem near ground-level, blade plane, shallowly plicate-corrugate or terete, upper leaves cauline and progressively smaller
    Stem
    Stem somewhat compressed and angular, sometimes entirely subterranean
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence panicle-like, a simple to branched spike or flowers clustered at ground-level; bracts green to membranous, the outer sometimes ridged, keeled, crisped or toothed
    Flowers
    Flowers blue, purple, red, white or pink, actinomorphic or zygomorphic; tube short to long; tepals subequal or unequal
    Stamens
    Stamens symmetrically disposed around the style or unilateral and arcuate
    Style
    Style filiform, the branches usually forked for up to half their length, sometimes entire or barely bifid
    Fruits
    Capsules membranous to coriaceous, ± globose
    Seeds
    Seeds ± globose
    Distribution
    40 SPECIES, widespread across sub-Saharan Africa from Nigeria and Ethiopia to the south-western Cape, South Africa.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Lapeirousia Pourr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Cruse, A.W. [187a], Zimbabwe 22830.000

    First published in Hist. & Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Toulouse 3: 79 (1788)

    Accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 7: 350, as Lapeyrousia.
    • in Mém. Acad. Toul. 3: 79, t. 6 (1788)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Goldblatt in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 77: 430–484 (1990).
    • Baker in F.T.A. 7: 350–355 (1898), including Anomatheca.
    • in Mém. Acad. Sci. Toulouse 3: 79–82 (1788).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Goldblatt in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 77: 430-484 (1990)
    • in Mém. Acad. Sci. Toulouse 3: 79-82 (1788)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0