1. Family: Iridaceae Juss.
    1. Romulea Maratti

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Medit., Tropical African Mountains to S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FZ]

    Iridaceae, P. Goldblatt. Flora Zambesiaca 12:4. 1993

    Habit
    Perennial herbs with small globose corms, aerial parts dying back annually; corms with woody to firm membranous tunics.
    Leaves
    Leaves few to several, the lower 2–3 entirely sheathing (cataphylls), green, membranous or firm; foliage leaves basal, 1-several, more or less filiform with the margins and raised midribs often transversely winged, the blade thus terete with 4 longitudinal grooves, occasionally the leaves nearly plane with margins and midrib slightly thickened or only the margins thickened and winged.
    Stem
    Stem short, aerial, or subterranean and becoming aerial in fruiting plants, simple or branching above or below the ground.
    Flowers
    Flowers actinomorphic, cupulate (hypocrateriform in a few South African species), variously coloured, often yellow in the centre; tepals united in a short to long perianth tube, subequal, usually spreading above. Flowers solitary and terminal, sessile, subtended by 2 opposed bracts; floral bracts green, often the margins membranous and pale or ferrugineous, occasionally the inner bract entirely dry.
    Stamens
    Stamens symmetrically disposed; filaments erect, more or less contiguous, sometimes united; anthers diverging or contiguous.
    Pistil
    Ovary globose, style dividing at or above the level of the anthers; style branches short, usually divided for half their length.
    Fruits
    Capsules oblong.
    Seeds
    Seeds many per locule, more or less globose or lightly angled, hard, glossy or matt.
    [FTEA]

    Iridaceae, Peter Goldblatt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Perennials with small globose corms with woody to cartilaginous or papery tunics
    Leaves
    Leaves few-several, the lower 2-3 entirely sheathing (cataphylls), membranous or firm and green, foliage leaves all basal, 1-several, linear to ± filiform, the margins and midribs raised and often winged, thus with 2 narrow longitudinal grooves on each surface, the blade oval to terete in transverse section with 2 sinuses on each surface between the margin and the midrib, occasionally nearly plane with lightly thickened margins and midrib
    Stem
    Stem short, aerial or subterranean, sometimes above ground in fruit, simple or branched, the branching usually below the ground
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of solitary flowers terminal on the peduncles, the flowers each subtended by 2 opposed bracts; bracts green, often the margins membranous to scarious and pale or ferrugineous, occasionally the inner bract entirely dry
    Flowers
    Flowers actinomorphic, cupulate (hypocrateriform in a few South African SPECIES), variously coloured, often yellow in the centre; tepals united in a short to long tube, subequal, usually ascending below and spreading above
    Stamens
    Filaments erect, ± contiguous, sometimes united; anthers diverging or contiguous
    Ovary
    Ovary ovoid, style dividing at or above the level of the anthers, the branches short, usually divided for half their length
    Fruits
    Capsules oblong
    Seeds
    Seeds several per locule, ± globose or lightly angled, hard, glossy or matt.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Azores, Baleares, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Free State, Great Britain, Greece, Italy, Kenya, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Madeira, Malawi, Morocco, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Palestine, Portugal, Rwanda, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Socotra, Somalia, Spain, Sudan, Tanzania, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Uganda, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    California, Chile Central, New South Wales, South Australia, St.Helena, Tasmania, Tristan da Cunha, Victoria, Western Australia

    Romulea Maratti appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Esseiva, Lebanon 35118.000

    First published in Pl. Romul. Saturn.: 13 (1772)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 7: 344. Nom. cons.
    • Diss. Romul. et Saturn. Romae 13, t. 1 (1772)
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • in Fl. Southern Africa 7, 2(2): 10 (1983).
    • de Vos in J. S. African Bot., Suppl. 9: 49 (1972)
    • Pl. Romul. Saturn.: 13, t. 1 (1772) nom. conserv.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • M.P. de Vos in Journ. S. Afr. Bot., Suppl. 9 (1972)
    • Pl. Romul. Saturn.: 13, t. 1 (1772), nom. conserv .

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0