1. Family: Iridaceae Juss.
    1. Tritonia Ker Gawl.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Iridaceae, Peter Goldblatt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Perennials with globose corms with fibrous tunics
    Leaves
    Leaves several-many, the lower 2 entirely sheathing (cataphylls); foliage leaves mostly basal, or the upper cauline, blades mostly plane (in South Africa sometimes terete or the margins broadly winged)
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence an erect or inclined spike; bracts membranous to scarious, the outer often 3-dentate and the inner 3-dentate and shorter to ± as long as the outer
    Flowers
    Flowers often orange, or yellow, pink or purple, actinomorphic or zygomorphic, then with stamens unilateral and arcuate; tube short to long; tepals subequal or bilabiate then often the lower 3 each with an adaxial, tooth-like median callus
    Style
    Style 3-branched, the branches filiform, somewhat broadened above
    Fruits
    Capsules globose to ellipsoid
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous per locule, angular to globose.
    [FZ]

    Iridaceae, P. Goldblatt. Flora Zambesiaca 12:4. 1993

    Habit
    Perennial herbs with globose corms, aerial parts dying back annually; corms with fibrous tunics.
    Leaves
    Leaves several to many, the lower 2 entirely stem sheathing (cataphylls); foliage leaves mostly basal, or the upper ones cauline, blades mostly plane (sometimes terete or H-shaped in section outside the Flora Zambesiaca area).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence an erect or inclined spike: floral bracts membranous to scarious, the outer often 3-dentate, the inner 2-dentate and shorter than, or about as long as, the outer.
    Flowers
    Flowers often orange, or yellow, pink or purple, actinomorphic or zygomorphic; perianth tube short to long, tepals subequal or bilabiate with the lower 3 often each bearing an adaxial tooth-like callus in the midline.
    Stamens
    Stamens usually unilateral and arcuate (symmetrical in one S African spp.).
    Style
    Style 3-branched, the branches filiform becoming somewhat broadened above.
    Fruits
    Capsules globose to ellipsoid, more or less membranous.
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous per locule, angular to globose.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Cape Provinces, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia

    Introduced into:

    France, New South Wales, Norfolk Is., South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia

    Tritonia Ker Gawl. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bot. Mag. 16: t. 581 (1802)

    Accepted by

    • Innes, C. (1985). The World of Iridaceae: 1-407. Holly Gare International Ltd., Ashington.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca
    • de Vos in J. S. African Bot. 49: 347–422 (1983).
    • de Vos in J. S. African Bot. 48: 105–163 (1982)
    • in Bot. Mag. 16: t. 581 (1802).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • M.P. de Vos in Journ. S. Afr. Bot. 49: 347-422 (1983)
    • M.P. de Vos in Journ. S. Afr. Bot. 48: 105-163 (1982)
    • in Bot. Mag. 16, t. 581 (1802)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0