1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Ajuga L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Old World.

    [FTEA]

    Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Ajuga, C.W. Lukhoba. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Habit
    Perennial, annual and biennial herbs (rarely subshrubs)
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of dense, verticillate cymes, sometimes reduced to solitary flowers or merging to form a terminal, spiciform thyrse
    Calyx
    Calyx actinomorphic or weakly zygomorphic (posterior lobe reduced), not accrescent, 5-lobed
    Corolla
    Corolla highly variable in colour, 2-lipped, marcescent, persisting as a sheath around fruit; posterior lip short, much shorter than anterior, 2-lobed, from which the sex organs emerge; anterior lip 3-lobed, median lobe very large, broadening distally and usually emarginate or bipartite
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, didynamous, usually slightly exserted; filaments fused to corolla for more than half their length, and covered with short hyaline hairs all over; anther thecae divergent to divaricate, confluent at dehiscence
    Disc
    Disk poorly to well developed, usually asymmetrical
    Ovary
    Ovary shallowly 4-lobed; style subterminal, ± equalling filaments, bifid with equal or unequal lobes
    Fruits
    Fruit usually a schizocarp of 4 nutlets (rarely drupaceous, 4-lobed); nutlets obovoid, reticulately foveolate, glabrous, with prominent lateral attachment-scar; endosperm present.
    Distribution
    Range: A genus of about 30 species, mostly tropical and subtropical in the Old World.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Amur, Assam, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Free State, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hainan, Hungary, Iceland, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Korea, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Madeira, Maluku, Manchuria, Morocco, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands, New Guinea, New South Wales, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Norway, Ogasawara-shoto, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Qinghai, Queensland, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, South Australia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sulawesi, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Victoria, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Sahara, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Arkansas, British Columbia, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Irkutsk, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, North Carolina, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Québec, Rhode I., South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin

    Ajuga L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 561 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Kubitzki, Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 7: 201 (2004)
    • Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 246 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 561 (1753)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0