1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Basilicum Moench

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Old World to S. China.

    [FTEA]

    Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Habit
    Aromatic annual herbs
    Stem
    Stems erect, branching
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, petiolate
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite, disposed in a lax inflorescence, in 6- or sometimes fewerflowered verticils; bracts inconspicuous
    Calyx
    Calyx bilabiate, posterior lip ovate, decurrent on tube, anterior lip 4-lobed, lateral lobes deltate, median lanceolate; fruiting calyx with posterior lip accrescent; posterior margin of lateral lobe of anterior lip extended towards the posterior lip; throat open, glabrous
    Corolla
    Corolla bilabiate, posterior lip 4-lobed, anterior lip entire; tube straight, dilating distally
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, declinate, equal, shortly exserted; posterior pair attached above the tube midpoint; anterior attached at corolla throat; filaments inappendiculate, glabrous; anthers dorsifixed, synthecous
    Disc
    Disk equally 4-lobed
    Ovary
    Ovary glabrous, deeply lobed; style gynobasic, capitate with 2 rounded, short adpressed lobes
    Fruits
    Nutlets dark brown or brown with a small basal scar, producing mucilage when wet; embryo straight, exalbuminous.
    Note
    Probably a monotypic genus occurring in the Old World tropics. A proposal to conserve Moschosma Rchb. was turned down by the Nomenclatural Committee, see Taxon 19: 481 (1970) & 21: 534 (1972). Very similar to Orthosiphon, differing only in the smaller flowers, nutlets which produce a lot rather than a little or no mucilage and the equally lobed disk. Molecular evidence suggests a relationship with Platostoma, see Paton et al. in Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 31: 277–299 (2004).
    [FZ]

    Combretaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Small evergreen trees or shrubs. Mangroves.
    Leaves
    Leaves spirally arranged, sessile or subsessile, fleshy-coriaceous.
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite, 5-merous, actinomorphic, red, white, pink or yellow, in short terminal spikes or racemes.
    Receptacle
    Receptacle not externally differentiated into an upper and lower part but produced beyond the inferior ovary to form a tube bearing 2 adnate persistent bracteoles and terminating in a 5-lobed persistent calyx (or 5 sepals).
    Corolla
    Petals 5, caducous.
    Stamens
    Stamens (5)10, 2-seriate.
    Disc
    Disk inconspicuous.
    Style
    Style filiform, persistent, not adnate to the wall of the receptacle, not expanded at the apex.
    Ovules
    Ovules 2–5.
    Fruits
    Fruit indehiscent, compressed-ellipsoid and obtusely angled, ± woody, crowned by the persistent calyx.
    Seeds
    Cotyledons unknown.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, New Guinea, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Solomon Is., Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, Western Australia, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Basilicum Moench appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Suppl. Meth.: 143 (1802)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Suppl. Meth. Pl. 143 (1802).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Kubitzki, Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 7: 262 (2004)
    • Suppl. Meth. Pl.: 143 (1802), non Basilicum Rumph.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0