1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Euryops (Cass.) Cass.
      1. Euryops pectinatus Cass.

        The generic name comes from the Greek 'eurys' meaning large and 'ops' meaning eye, referring to the showy flower heads (capitula) with eye-like centres. There are over 100 other species of Euryops, which occur throughout southern and tropical Africa and in Saudi Arabia, with one occurring on Socotra. The specific epithet pectinatus means pectinate (with narrow divisions like a comb), referring to the divided leaves. Euryops pectinatus has been awarded a Royal Horticultural Society Award of Garden Merit (AGM).

    [KSP]

    Kew Species Profiles

    General Description
    Golden daisy bush is a South African shrub bearing bright yellow flower heads and attractive, narrowly divided leaves.

    The generic name comes from the Greek 'eurys' meaning large and 'ops' meaning eye, referring to the showy flower heads (capitula) with eye-like centres. There are over 100 other species of Euryops, which occur throughout southern and tropical Africa and in Saudi Arabia, with one occurring on Socotra. The specific epithet pectinatus means pectinate (with narrow divisions like a comb), referring to the divided leaves. Euryops pectinatus has been awarded a Royal Horticultural Society Award of Garden Merit (AGM).

    Species Profile
    Geography and distribution

    Restricted to South Africa where it is found in the south-western Cape from Gifberg to the South Peninsula. It has a characteristic distribution in the fynbos (shrubland or heathland vegetation in coastal and mountainous areas, having winter rainfall and a Mediterranean climate).

    Description

    Overview: A half-hardy, vigorous, evergreen shrub growing up to 1.5 m tall. Its upright shoots are clad with pinnately dissected, hairy, soft, grey-green leaves in spirals. The leaves are 40-100 mm long.

    Flowers: The bright yellow flower heads (capitula) are produced nearly all year round, with the main display being in spring. The flower heads are borne terminally in loose clusters, or can be solitary, each one being held on a pedicel 7-10 cm long. Each flower head is 5 cm in diameter and consists of an outer ring of female ray florets, with a circle of hermaphrodite disc florets in the centre.

    Fruits: The fruits are one-seeded, hairless or covered in myxogenic (slime-producing) hairs, and are topped by a pappus of white or brown caducous (falling before mature) bristles, although the pappus may be absent.

    Uses

    Grown as an ornamental for its bright yellow flower heads and fern-like leaves.

    Cultivation

    Golden daisy bush requires a moderate amount of water and should be planted in a position where it can receive full sunlight. When these conditions are satisfied it is fast-growing and flowers freely. After flowering the dead flower heads should be removed, and the shrub should be pruned back lightly. Euryops pectinatus responds well to pruning and can be cut back hard every few years. It can be propagated from seed or by cuttings, which strike easily when placed in sand and kept moist.

    This species at Kew

    Euryops pectinatus is grown in the behind-the-scenes Decorative Nursery at Kew.

    Pressed and dried specimens of E. pectinatus are held in Kew's Herbarium, where they are available to researchers from around the world, by appointment. The details, including an image, of a specimen of E. pectinatus subspecies lobulatus can be seen online in the Herbarium Catalogue.

    Distribution
    South Africa
    Ecology
    Rocky, sandstone slopes.
    Conservation
    Not yet rated according to IUCN Red List criteria.
    Hazards

    All parts of the plant are poisonous if ingested.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Common Names

    English
    Golden daisy bush

    Euryops pectinatus Cass. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Dict. Sci. Nat., ed. 2. 16: 51 (1820)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Kew Species Profiles
    • Scott-Macnab, J. (ed.) (2003). Reader’s Digest New Encyclopedia of Garden Plants and Flowers. The Reader’s Digest Association Ltd, London.
    • Turner, S. (2001). Euryops pectinatus (L.) Cass. South African National Biodiversity Institute.
    • Nordenstam, B. (1968). The genus Euryops, part I: Taxonomy. Opera Bot. 20: 1–409.

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Species Profiles
    Kew Species Profiles
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0