1. Family: Annonaceae Juss.
    1. Monanthotaxis Baill.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Annonaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Small trees, shrubs or woody climbers, glabrescent to densely silky; indumentum of simple hairs
    Leaves
    Leaves in some species with 2 marginal glands at the base of the limb
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite or, in one small group, unisexual (not in East Africa), mostly small, solitary, fascicled or in dense to very lax few-flowered cymes, mostly supra-axillary or extra-axillary, rarely axillary, mostly pedicellate; bracteole present, often persistent, quite conspicuously leafy and usually situated on the lower half of the pedicel, but frequently minute
    Calyx
    Sepals (2–)3, valvate, free or ± united at the base, much shorter than the petals
    Corolla
    Petals (4–)6, variously arranged, variously all in 1 whorl, in 2 distinct whorls or inserted in 1 whorl at the base but overlapping and appearing to be in 2 whorls above, valvate, free, or slightly united at the base, mostly rather thick, the outer often at length ± spreading, the inner smaller or sometimes very small, often somewhat clawed, connivent and erect
    Stamens
    Androecium often fiat and hexagonal; stamens 6 to fairly numerous, in 1–several whorls, or sometimes 6 alternating with 6 reduced stamens or staminodes; stamens linear or more usually obovate-obconic, clavate or cuneiform; filaments usually present, sometimes longer than the anther-cells; anther-cells parallel, extrorse or introrse, attached to the thickened connectives, which are sometimes appendaged laterally, but never have thickened apical appendages which form a continuous pavement completelyhiding the anther-cells from above
    Carpels
    Carpels few to rather numerous, free, cylindric, ellipsoid or obconie, with 1–8 uniseriate ovules; style cylindric, obconic or ellipsoid, as long as or shorter than the ovary, stigma bifurcate or grooved
    Fruits
    Monocarps indehiscent, often fleshy, cylindrical (to rarely sub-globose), mostly stipitate, 1–8-seeded, mostly conspicuously constricted between the seeds, the articles easily breaking off
    Seeds
    Seeds oblong-ellipsoid, ovoid or subglobose, vertical; testal intrusions into the endosperm lamelli-form.
    [FZ]

    Annonaceae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Shrubs or lianes with simple appressed ferrugineous hairs.
    Leaves
    Leaves frequently bearing 2 basal glands.
    Buds
    Buds broadly ovoid or depressed-subglobose.
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual, solitary or in 2- to several-flowered cymes or fascicles, axillary or supra-axillary (more rarely extra-axillary), pedicellate.
    Bracts
    Bracteole single, persistent, near the base of the pedicel, small.
    Calyx
    Sepals 3, valvate, fused at the base, much shorter than the petals in bud.
    Corolla
    Petals 6, slightly united at the base to form a single whorl or almost free, but forming two whorls above in bud, both valvate, thick, ± spreading at anthesis, usually concave, not or scarcely connivent, the inner smaller, sometimes shortly clawed.
    Stamens
    Stamens 8–11 in a single whorl, obconic-clavate or quadrate, with thecae extrorse, parallel and connective frequently prolonged backwards over the ovaries, not broadened between the thecae; filaments usually present, longer than the anthers.
    Carpels
    Carpels 6–11, free; ovary ovoid or ellipsoid, with 1–5 uniseriate ovules; style ± cylindric, oblique, shorter than the ovary; stigma subcapitate or tapering, usually bifurcating.
    Fruits
    Ripe carpels indehiscent, succulent, cylindric-torulose, stipitate, 1–5-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds vertical, serial; aril absent.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Monanthotaxis Baill. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [4778], Cameroon K000541157
    Hall, J.B. [GC46214], Ghana K000040197
    Hall, J.B. [GC43672], Ghana K000040198
    DuPuy, B. [MB 353], Madagascar 63553.000

    First published in Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 2: 878 (1890)

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Verdc. in K.B. 25:20(1971)
    • in Bull. Soc. Linn. Paris 2: 878 (1890), sensu ampl.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0