1. Family: Annonaceae Juss.
    1. Monodora Dunal

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Africa..

    [FZ]

    Annonaceae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

    Habit
    Trees or shrubs, sometimes climbing or scrambling, glabrous or with simple hairs, with young shoots which frequently blacken and become brittle on drying.
    Buds
    Buds ovoid.
    Flowers
    Flowers bisexual, solitary or more rarely paired or in few-flowered cymes, terminal or extra-axillary or in the axils of fallen leaves, pedicellate.
    Bracts
    Bracteole solitary, usually amplexicaul, persistent, often foliaceous.
    Calyx
    Sepals 3, valvate, much shorter than the petals, free.
    Corolla
    Petals 6, in two unequal whorls, both valvate, all united at the base, often with undulate margins, the outer ones broad at the base, usually spreading or reflexed, the inner ones ± unguiculate, usually connivent at the apices or erect.
    Stamens
    Stamens ?, oblong or cuneiform to ± orbicular, with thecae extrorse, and connective-prolongation thickened; filaments absent.
    Carpels
    Carpels several, united to form a 1-locular globose or conic ovary with parietal placentation and numerous ovules; stigmas sessile, radiating.
    Fruits
    Fruit a coriaceous or ligneous berry, globose to ellipsoid or obovoid, many-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds irregularly arranged, shining; aril absent.
    [FTEA]

    Annonaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Trees or shrubs, sometimes climbing or scrambling, glabrous or with simple hairs; young stems often glaucous, frequently drying black as do the young leaves
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite, solitary or less often in 2–few-flowered cymes, terminal or extra-axillary or on shoots from which leaves have fallen, pedicellate, sometimes very conspicuously so; bracteole single, often large and leafy, usually amplexicaul, persistent
    Calyx
    Sepals 3, valvate, free, shorter than the petals
    Corolla
    Petals 6 in 2 whorls of 3, both valvate, unequal, all united at the base, very often with markedly crisped or undulate margins, the outer broad at the base, usually spreading or curved, inner ± clawed, often with the apices connivent at the tips until flower is very mature
    Stamens
    Stamens numerous, oblong, cuneiform or almost globose; filaments absent; anther-cells extrorse; connective-prolongation thickened
    Carpels
    Carpels several, united into a conical or globose 1-celled ovary with numerous ovules and parietal placentation; stigmas sessile, radiating
    Fruits
    Fruit syncarpous, globose, ellipsoid or obovoid, with numerous seeds and leathery or woody pericarp
    Seeds
    Seeds irregularly arranged, mostly shining brown; aril absent.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Trinidad-Tobago

    Monodora Dunal appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2001 Lane, P. [256], Cameroon K000109629
    Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [10295], Cameroon K000105572
    Harris, D.J. [2648], Central African Republic 63045.000
    Harris, D.J. [2252], Central African Republic 63051.000
    Harris, D.J. [2252], Central African Republic 63057.000
    Ndam, N. [126], Cameroon K000460174

    First published in Monogr. Anonac.: 79 (1817)

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • —F.T.A. 1: 37.
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • Mon. Anon.: 34, 79 (1817).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Mon. Anon.: 34, 79 (1817)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0