1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Endostemon N.E.Br.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa to India.

    [FTEA]

    Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Habit
    Aromatic annual or perennial herbs, woody herbs or suffrutices
    Stem
    Stems sometimes prostrate, usually erect, branching above, woody at base
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite, arranged in 2–6-flowered verticils in a lax inflorescence; bracts small, sometimes forming an inconspicuous apical coma
    Calyx
    Calyx persistent, spreading, ascending or downward-pointing, shortly tubular or tubular-campanulate, bilabiate; posterior lip ovate, decurrent; anterior lip 4-lobed; fruiting calyx with posterior lip accresent; throat open, glabrous, anterior lip with 4 lanceolate lobes, the median pair longer than the lateral pair, or throat glabrous, closed by the convergent linear, obliquely truncate to rounded lateral lobes and the lanceolate median lobes of the anterior lip being pressed against the posterior lip, or throat closed with a ring of dense, villose hairs, anterior lip with lanceolate to deltate lateral lobes and linear, slightly cucullate median lobes
    Corolla
    Corolla white, pink, purple or bluish, slightly bilabiate, 4-lobed with the posterior lobe sometimes emarginate or bifid; tube straight, dilating at throat, villose where stamens adnate
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, declinate, held within the corolla; filaments free, very short, villose, adnating to the corolla throat or just below, regularly spaced, not all together on the anterior side of the throat; anthers dorsifixed, synthecous, thecae convergent
    Disc
    Disk equally 4-lobed
    Ovary
    Ovary glabrous or pubescent at apex, deeply 4-lobed; style gynobasic with a basal swelling just above the nutlets, stigma capitate with lobes rounded and adpressed
    Fruits
    Nutlets black or brown, ovoid or narrowly ovoid, apex rounded or truncate, smooth with a small basal scar, producing a lot or a small amount of mucilage when wet; embryo straight, exalbuminous.
    Note
    The genus is divided into four sections, three of which occur in East Africa, see Paton et al., loc. cit (1994). Sect. Leucosphaeri A. Paton, Harley & M.M. Harley (Fig. 31: 5–6, p. 197) is found in Ethiopia and Somalia.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Assam, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Gulf States, India, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Northern Provinces, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Endostemon N.E.Br. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 5(1): 295 (1910)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Ashby in J. Bot. 74: 121 (1936).
    • in Fl. Cap. 5, 1: 295 (1910)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Kubitzki, Fam. Vasc. Pl. 7: 262 (2004)
    • K.B. 49: 673–716 (1994)
    • J.B. 74: 121–132(1936)
    • Fl. Cap. 5 (1): 295 (1910)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0