1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Haumaniastrum P.A.Duvign. & Plancke

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [FTEA]

    Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, arborescent herbs or suffrutices with stems from a perennial corky trunk, woody rootstock or taproot; not or faintly aromatic; indumentum of simple hairs
    Stem
    Stems annual or perennial, quadrangular or roundedquadrangular, usually branching; hairs with or without lignified bases
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, ternate or quadrate, sometimes forming a rosette at base of annual stems; upper leaves subtending heads similar in form to leaves below but often coloured, sometimes conspicuously caudate, rarely membranous
    Flowers
    Flowers hermaphrodite, arranged in (2–)6(–9)-flowered verticils; verticils condensed into tight heads; bracts often coloured, broadly obovate or rhombic, obscuring pedicels and calyces, overlapping bracts subtending adjacent verticils; pedicels short and inconspicuous; heads arranged in a lax or dense corymb or panicle
    Calyx
    Calyx bilabiate, small and densely villose in flower; fruiting calyx curved upwards, dorso-ventrally flattened, distally pubescent, villose or tomentose; lips pressed together, opening slightly at throat when nutlets mature; posterior lip entire with a rounded or acute apex, 3angled or 3-toothed, hooded or flat; anterior lip entire and rounded or truncate, emarginate or 2-toothed, shorter, equal to, or more rarely longer than the posterior lip
    Corolla
    Corolla short, bilabiate; tube straight, dorsally gibbous at midpoint, dilating towards throat, interior with a V of hairs at base of median lobes of posterior lip and with scattered hairs at base of other lobes; posterior lip 3- or 4-lobed, when 4-lobed then median lobes smaller than lateral lobes; anterior lip horizontal, entire, slightly concave; lobes pubescent with sessile glands
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, shortly exserted from throat; posterior pair basally swollen, attached to corolla at or around corolla midpoint; anterior pair attached at corolla throat; filaments basally swollen and pubescent; anthers synthecous, reniform to orbicular, dorsifixed
    Disc
    Disk 4-lobed with the anterior lobe larger
    Ovary
    Ovary glabrous, deeply 4-lobed; style gynobasic, apex bifid with linear lobes
    Fruits
    Nutlets brown or black, ovoid, apex rounded or flattened, minutely longitudinally ridged, base with a small scar or this sometimes obscured by dark diskderived material, usually producing a small amount of mucilage when wet.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Haumaniastrum P.A.Duvign. & Plancke appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Biol. Jaarb. 27: 224 (1959)

    Accepted by

    • Paton, A.J., Bramley, G., Ryding, O., Polhill, R., Harvey, Y., Iwarsson, M., Willis, F., Phillipson, P., Balkwill, K., Lukhoba, C., Otiend, D & Harley (2009). Lamiaceae (Labiatae) Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-430.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Morton in J. Linn. Soc. 58: 239 (1962).
    • in Biol. Jaarb. 27: 222 (1959)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Kubitzki, Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 7: 263 (2004)
    • K.B. 52: 293–378 (1997)
    • J.L.S. 58: 239–241 (1962)
    • Biol. Jaarb. 27: 222–257 (1959)
    • Trav. Publ. Univ. Libre Lab. Bot. Syst. 33: 222–257 (1959)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0