1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Monarda L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is N. America.

    [FTEA]

    Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    General
    This genus is endemic to North America, cultivated as an ornamental
    Note
    Jex-Blake does not give a species level determination, and no material has been seen, but the two most commonly cultivated are M fistulosa L and M didyma L which also hybridize and have given rise to numerous cultivars No specimens seen.
    Habit
    Perennial herbs to 1.5 m tall
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate, lanceolate to ovate, up to 15 cm long, serrate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a many-flowered terminal whorl, surrounded by bracts
    Calyx
    Calyx tubular, actinomorphic with equal teeth
    Corolla
    Corolla tubular, two-lipped
    Stamens
    Stamens 2, ascending under upper lip.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Alberta, Arizona, Arkansas, Arkansas, British Columbia, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

    Introduced into:

    Austria, Central European Rus

    Monarda L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 22 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Jex-Blake, Gard. E. Afr., ed. 4: 88 (1957)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0