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  1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Prunella L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Temp. & Subtropical Northern Hemisphere to Central America.


    Harley, R.M. et al. (2004). Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

    Perennial herbs, rhizomatous, not aromatic
    Leaves entire, serrate, laciniate to pinnatifid
    Inflorescence of usually 6-flowered verticillasters, in a terminal, condensed, spiciform thyrse, pedunculate or not
    Bracts imbricate, broadly ovate-acuminate
    Bracteoles present or not
    Calyx 2-lipped, tubular-campanulate, accrescent, 10-nerved, sometimes with 2 lateral keels, 5-lobed (3/2), posterior lip ± truncate, lobes short, mucronate, anterior lip with lobes triangular, upcurved, throat not barbate, ± closed in fruit
    Corolla 2-lipped, 4-lobed (1/3), purple, blue, cream or white, posterior lip hooded, concave, ± rounded, anterior lip with median lobe concave, usually dentate, lateral lobes obliquely truncate, tube ± infundibular, annulate within, contracted at throat
    Stamens 4, didynamous, exserted from tube, ascending under posterior lip, filaments curved, bifurcating at apex to form a subulate appendage, thecae 2, divaricate, distinct, ± parallel to filament
    Stigma-lobes shortly subulate
    Disc unlobed
    Nutlets ovoid, apiculate or rounded, ± angulate, mucilaginous.
    2n = 28, 30, 32.  About seven species
    In Europe, Northwestern Africa and Asia.  Prunella vulgaris L. widely naturalized in temperate and montane regions of Northern and Southern America, Africa and Australasia.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Aleutian Is., Algeria, Altay, Amur, Arizona, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, California, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Finland, Florida, France, Føroyar, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Hainan, Haiti, Hungary, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Labrador, Lebanon-Syria, Louisiana, Madeira, Maine, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mexico Central, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Pennsylvania, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Qinghai, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Sicilia, Sinai, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Utah, Uzbekistan, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Colombia, Falkland Is., Juan Fernández Is., New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Norfolk Is., Peru, South Australia, Tasmania, Tristan da Cunha, Venezuela, Victoria

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Prunella L. appears in other Kew resources:


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 600 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2010). Flora Iberica 12: 1-650. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets

    • Harley RM, Atkins S, Budantsev AL, Cantino PD, Conn BJ, Grayer R, Harley MM, de Kok RPJ, Krestovskaja T, Morales R, Paton AJ, Ryding O, and Upson T. 2004. Labiatae, in The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants (K. Kubitzki, ed. in chief) VI: 167-275. Sp
    • Prunellopsis Kudô, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 34: 181 (1920).
    • Brumella Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4 (1754).
    • Prunella L., Sp. Pl. 2: 600 (1753).


    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Lamiaceae Key Genus Fact Sheets
    Nina Davies, Gemma Bramley and Don Kirkup, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew