1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Helichrysum Mill.
      1. Helichrysum foetidum Moench

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FWTA]

    Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    An erect aromatic branched herb with a pithy stem up to about 5 ft. high
    Leaves
    Leaves narrow, whitish beneath
    Inflorescences
    Flower-heads bright yellow, about 1/2 in. across.
    [FTEA]

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Habit
    Annual or short-lived perennial herb, 0.3–1.5 m high; stem erect, simple but for the inflorescence (rarely branched near base), hollow?, thinly pubescent or tomentose and glandular.
    Leaves
    Leaves sticky and aromatic, sessile, lanceolate to slightly panduriform, 2–10(–12) cm long, 0.5–2.5(–3.5) cm wide, base semi-amplexicaul and slightly auriculate, margins entire, apex acute and mucronate, glandular-scabridulous with traces of pubescence above, similar or white-tomentellous beneath.
    Capitulum
    Capitula 6–10 mm long, heterogamous, several to many (–100) in dense or lax leafy corymbs; stalks of individual capitula 1–12 mm long; phyllaries pale lemon to golden yellow, (rarely whitish on drying), shiny, multiseriate, 2.5–9 mm long, acute, the outermost woolly at base; receptacle honeycombed, 3.5–8 mm in diameter.
    Florets
    Florets yellow to orange, many; outer florets many, in several rows, tube filiform from a wider base, 1.5–3.6 mm long, lobes 0.1–0.2 mm long, style 2–4 mm long; inner florets few to many, but generally (much) fewer than the outer, tube cylindric, 1.9–3 mm long, lobes 0.3–0.5 mm long, anthers 1.2–1.5 mm long, style 2.1–3.5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Achenes ellipsoid, 0.5–0.8 mm long, glabrous; pappus yellow or white, 2.5–4 mm long, falling separately.
    Habitat
    Forest margins, forest clearings, river-banks in forest, less often in grassland and fallow cultivation; pioneer species; 1350–2700 m
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T2 T3 T4 T6 T7 U1 U2 U3

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia

    Introduced into:

    France, Hawaii, Madeira, Portugal, Réunion, Spain

    Helichrysum foetidum Moench appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [9182], Cameroon K000108705
    Jan 1, 1993 Keay, R.W.J. [28643], Cameroon K000052221
    Jan 1, 1993 Morton, J.K. [864], Cameroon K000052214
    Jan 1, 1993 Breteler, F.J. [145], Cameroon K000052220
    Jan 1, 1953 Boughey, A.S. [6810], Cameroon K000052215
    Jan 1, 1952 Morton, J.K. [7101], Cameroon K000052216
    Jan 1, 1952 Morton, J.K. [6788], Cameroon K000052217
    Jan 1, 1952 Boughey, A.S. [6930], Cameroon K000052213
    Keay, R.W.J. [28635], Cameroon K000052212
    Ash [1305], Ethiopia 35622.000
    Ash [1276], Ethiopia 35629.000
    Dalziel, J.M. [8308], Cameroon K000052209
    Hepper, F.N. [1993], Cameroon K000052200
    Maitland, T.D. [969a], Cameroon K000052204
    Maitland, T.D. [251], Cameroon K000052206
    Maitland, T.D. [1465], Cameroon K000052205
    Boughey, A.S. [11555], Cameroon K000052218
    Boughey, A.S. [10769], Cameroon K000052201
    Mann, G. [1916], Cameroon K000052211
    Schimper [1508], Ethiopia K000274442
    Schimper [927], Ethiopia K000274443
    Brenan, J.P.M. [9575], Cameroon K000052203
    Etuge, M. [101], Cameroon K000662233
    Ethiopia K000274444
    Mwangoka, M.A. [1185], Tanzania K000372668
    Dunlap [194], Cameroon K000052210

    First published in Methodus: 575 (1794)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 3: 352, partly (excl. syn. B. mannii).
    • Meth. Pl. 575 (1794)
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Mesfin & T. Reilly in D.J.N. Hind et al. (eds), Adv. Comp. Syst.: 436 (1995).
    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 212, t. 87 (1994).
    • A.J. Scott in Fl. Mascar. 109: 63 (1993).
    • Blundell, Wild Flow. E. Africa: 170, fig. 368 (1987).
    • Hilliard, Flora of Southern Africa 33, 7 (2): 304 (1983).
    • C.D. Adams in Flora of West Tropical Africa ed. 2, 2: 264 (1963).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 35 (1956).
    • Moeser in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 44: 336 (1910).
    • Oliv. & Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 352 (1877).
    • Richard, Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 426 (1848).
    • DC., Prodr. 6: 187 (1838).
    • Cass. in Dict. Sci. Nat. 25: 469 (1822).
    • Moench, Meth. Pl.: 575 (1794).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0