1. Family: Lamiaceae Martinov
    1. Tinnea Kotschy ex Hook.f.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Lamiaceae (Labiatae), A.J. Paton, G. Bramley, O. Ryding, R.M. Polhill, Y.B. Harvey, M. Iwarsson, F. Willis, P.B. Phillipson, K. Balkwill, C.W. Lukhoba, D.F. Otieno, & R.M. Harley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2009

    Habit
    Shrubs or perennial herbs, rarely woody climbers, not reported to be aromatic
    Branches
    Older branches quadrangular to terete
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, occasionally ternate or subopposite, normally entire
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence lax, terminal, raceme-like, composed of 1- to sometimes 3-flowered opposite cymes or flowers borne on short lateral branches; flowers often scented; bracts leaf-like, becoming smaller upwards; bracteoles present; pedicel jointed
    Calyx
    Calyx urceolate-tubular, with two entire rounded lips; fruiting calyx ovate, membranous or coriaceous, becoming inflated with lips pressing together, usually splitting to the base into two equal parts at maturity, sometimes remaining intact
    Corolla
    Corolla usually shades of dark red-purple to orange or violet, with a 2-lobed posterior lip and a 3-lobed anterior lip; middle lobe of anterior lip the largest, often emarginate, two lobes either side usually the same length as the posterior lip; tube cylindrical at base, widening near the throat
    Stamens
    Stamens 4, slightly exserted, all ascending under posterior lip of the corolla, with a tuft of hairs at the point of insertion; anterior stamens longer than the posterior ones; anthers 2-thecous, smaller on anterior filaments, ciliate
    Ovary
    Ovary divided halfway or more; style filamentous, glabrous, shortly bifid with two unequal lobes
    Fruits
    Nutlets brown, obovoid to clavate, with an attachment scar covering half the length, winged, with stiff primary rays and finer secondary rays or hairs.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Trinidad-Tobago

    Tinnea Kotschy ex Hook.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Tweedie, E.M. [1639], Tanzania 1242.000
    Chancellor, R.J. [247], Uganda 2788.000

    First published in Bot. Mag. 93: t. 5637 (1867)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Robyns in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 8: 161 (1930).
    • —F.T.A. 5: 496
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Kubitzki, Fam. Gen. Vasc. Pl. 7: 210 (2004)
    • Bot. Tidsskr. 70: 1–63 (1975)
    • Bot. Mag. 93, t. 5637 (Apr. 1867)
    • Kotschy & Peyr., Pl. Tinn.: 25, t. 11 (July 1867)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0