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  1. Family: Asteraceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Helichrysum Mill.
      1. Helichrysum luteoalbum (L.) Rchb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Old World.


    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá.

    Adventicia en Colombia; Andes?.
    No Evaluada

    Compositae, C. D. Adams. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    A herb of variable habit, usually annual
    Erect or straggling grey-green cottony stems up to 2 ft. high
    Florets pale dull yellow
    Involucral bracts silvery, in heads about 1/6 in. across, diffuse or tightly clustered
    In sandy waste places, especially by streams and on riverbanks, or as a weed of farms in hilly districts, or in periodically burnt grassland(where the plants are often larger and tend to a perennial habit).

    Compositae, H. Beentje, C. Jeffrey & D.J.N. Hind. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2005

    Annual or short-lived perennial herb, 30–60 cm high, simple or branched; stems decumbent first, then erect, covered in long white or silvery hairs.
    Leaves discolorous with the abaxial surface paler, sessile, oblanceolate to narrowly obovate, the most distal leaves much smaller and linear, 1–10 cm long, 0.3–1.8 cm wide, base narrowing and sometimes slightly auriculate, margins entire, apex obtuse or acute, lanate on both surfaces.
    Capitula straw-coloured to golden, 2.5–5 mm long, many together in dense glomerules 1–2 cm across, glomerules solitary and terminal or several together in terminal corymbs; stalks of individual capitula sessile or up to 2 mm long, lanate; receptacle shortly honeycombed; phyllaries in 3 series, chaffy, pale golden-brown or straw-coloured, lanceolate, 3–4 mm long, acute, the stereome divided around a green hairy centre and 1–2 mm long.
    Outer florets white or yellow, ± 100, tube filiform, 1.6–2.2 mm long, lobes≤0.1 mm long and reddish; style 1.8–2.4 mm long with short obtuse reddish arms; inner florets 5–15(–30), tube cylindric, 1.3–2 mm long, lobes 0.1–0.3 mm long, glabrous and slightly glandular; anthers 0.5–0.8 mm long, briefly caudate, with a triangular distal appendage.
    Achenes ellipsoid, 0.5–0.6 mm long, papillose; pappus of barbellate bristles 1.5–2.3 mm long, coherent at base by cilia, caducous with the corolla.
    Fig. 84 (page 400).
    Montane grassland, banks of streams and lakes, a weed of arable land; 300–3850 m
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 described from southern Europe, but widespread as a (sub)tropical weed.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antipodean Is., Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Benin, Botswana, Bulgaria, Burkina, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central African Repu, Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Free State, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Hainan, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Kermadec Is., Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Madeira, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Netherlands, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Norfolk Is., North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Queensland, Romania, Réunion, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sicilia, Sinai, South Australia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tasmania, Transcaucasus, Tubuai Is., Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Victoria, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Arizona, Arkansas, Bolivia, California, Colombia, Falkland Is., Florida, Galápagos, Jamaica, Louisiana, Mexico Southeast, Nevada, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Peru, Texas, Tristan da Cunha, Utah, Washington


    Common Names

    Cud weed, Jersey cudweed

    Other Data

    Helichrysum luteoalbum (L.) Rchb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Baron, R. [3609], Madagascar Gnaphalium diffusum K000274307 isotype
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2950] Gnaphalium martabanicum K001118252
    Ash [1680], Ethiopia Gnaphalium luteoalbum 34281.000
    Kirk, T. [1093], New Zealand South Laphangium luteoalbum K000975815 isosyntype
    Jan 1, 2004 Cheek, M. [10497], Cameroon Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum K000746098
    Chile Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum K000500473
    Chile Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum K000500474
    Strachey, R. [2], India Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum K000978234
    Forster [s.n.], New Zealand Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum K000978241
    Welwitsch [3458], Angola Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum K000274319
    Horsfield, T. [33], Jawa Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum K000978239
    Griffith, W. [956] Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum K000978235
    Wallich, N. [2853], India Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum K000978232
    Cheeseman, T.F. [32], New Zealand Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum K000978240
    Greene, E.L. [5781], New Mexico Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum K000978242
    Cope, T.A. [RBG 254], United Kingdom Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum K000914441
    Rwaburindore, P.K. [5002], Uganda Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum K000612941
    Huter, R. [55], Italy Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum K000978231
    s.coll. [s.n.] Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum K000978230 syntype
    s.coll. [2953], India Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum K000978233
    s.coll. [s.n.] Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum K000978238
    Silva, F. [2949], Bangladesh Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum K000978236
    Silva, F. [2949], Bangladesh Pseudognaphalium luteoalbum K000978237
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2953], India Gnaphalium pallidum K001118256
    Webb, W.S. [Cat. no. 2953], India Gnaphalium pallidum K001118257
    s.coll. [Cat. no. 2953], India Gnaphalium pallidum K001118255


    First published in Handb. Gewächsk., ed. 2, 2(2): 1460 (1829)

    Accepted by

    • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.
    • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.


    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Pruski, J.F. (ed.) (2018). Flora Mesoamericana 5(2): 1-608. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
    • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.


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    Flora of Tropical East Africa
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    Flora of West Tropical Africa
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    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

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